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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

Hierapolis was established by King Eumenes 2 and was given the name of “Hiera” in the honour of the wife of  Telephos, the legendary establisher of the ancient Pergamum.

Hierapolis was visited frequently by the people from the nearest cities and Laodicea -the ancient site established before Hierapolis, for using the thermal springs known for its curing properties to several illnesses.

From the 3 BC, as the fame of Hierapolis increased continually, migrations started from around and Hierapolis became an attractive and a favorable settlement, a rival city to Laodicea.

Was given to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, in the will of Pergamon King, Attalos 2. The town was destroyed completely by an earthquake in 17AD, in the reign of Tiberious.

The re-construction of Hiera polis was started in 60 AD, during the reign of Nero. Hierapolis reached its high and lived the most prosperous periods during the reign of Severus and his son Caracalla, around the years of 196AD and 215AD. A substantial development existed in the city, in art and culture. Many rich marble mines were founded and the marbles of  Hierapolis were used in Hagia Sophia of Istanbul.

It was governed by a Roman governor of Ephesus, in the Roman period. Sources stated that the city was also visited by Hadrian. With the division of the Roman Empire into two in 395 AD, the city was ruled by the Byzantine. Hierapolis had become the capital of  Phyrigia during the reign of  Constantine.

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The acceptance of Christianity created a new stage for the social and religious structure of Hierapolis’ becoming a patriarchal center. Also, in 80 AD, St. Philip -one of the 12 Apostles, was thought to have been killed in Hierapolis.

The city lost its prior importance from the early of the 6th century, continuing to the 11th century. The dreadful earthquake in 1354 meant the city was emptied, totally and has not settled properly since that date, even in Turkish-Ottoman periods. The city was covered by the uncontrolled waters and travertine. Today the thermal waters of Hierapolis reached to its former fame and became an interesting touristical center for foreigners,  not reputed only for its thermal waters, but also for its various temples and social activities such as the lively festivals and music concerts, popular with all.

Therefore, tourism was one of the main incomes of Hierapolis, during that era. Textile was also developed gradually and had become the principal source of the city’s prosperity.

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Visiting Cappadocia and all its neighborhoods

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Visiting Cappadocia and all its neighborhoods

With a lot of people searching for ideal locations that can ensure that they would be able to have a very fun time, it would be a good idea for them to consider going for a visit to Cappadocia. This is one of the best places that can guarantee that you would be able to have a very good time, as well as ensure that you would be able to understand the various facilities and functionality that would be evident in this particular location. A visit to the central region of Anatolia is also something that can give you a lot of relief, as it is a historical site, and you would be able to understand a lot of significance is about a particular and modern religion. Taking such things into account, it would actually be a very good idea on your part to ensure that you would be able to take all the necessary amount of actions that is required for you to visit this place. Going for Cappadocia hotels, you would find that most of them are equipped with the latest luxurious items so as not to ensure that their hotel guests find anything uncomfortable.

 

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Considering the fact that you would actually be able to roam around the entire city taking the help of Cappadocia tours is something that you should do. There are a lot of such travel agencies that would be able to give you a variety of ideas about the site is to visit, and a visit to Anatolia is something that should be done. This is one of the most beautiful regions in the entire country of Turkey, and you would be able to understand and bask in the glory of such a place and enjoy the entire visit.