Ephesus in Turkey, Archaeological Evidence
Ephesus, Turkey also said in Selcuk is one of the most famous archaeological sites of the Mediterranean. In this place there were already numerous ancient presences (Ionians, Lydians, Persians, etc.).. For a time there reigned the famous Croesus. After also part of the reign of Alexander the Great, the city passed the first king of Pergamon, and later the Romans who made it the capital of the province “Asia.”
There were many emperors who built monuments and public buildings. Around the time of Augustus, Ephesus had about 200,000 inhabitants and was certainly one of the major cities of the Roman Empire. Also important from business point of view was the port hours underground. With the advent of Christianity became a major center of new thinking. Among other things, some councils took place in Ephesus and Paul stayed there for some years. In 263 AD, was attacked by the Goths and then went back to Byzantium. In 655 it was badly looted by the Arabs.
Much of the excavations in Ephesus were conducted by Austrian since 1895. Are important for visitors to the buildings dedicated to Artemis (including what remains of the famous Artemisia), the Gymnasium, the Stadium, the Baths of Constantine, the Library of Celsusand the Marble Street that runs through most of the archaeological site.
Relevant also Verulano square, the church of San Giovanni and other monuments (some perhaps related to the brief presence dell’egiziana Cleopatra).
Famous Council of Ephesus (431 and 449 AD) took place in the church of Santa Maria, built in the fourth-century and the ruins of this are close to the spa. A few kilometers from the fence of the excavation is finally located a small church built on the ruins of a residence of Mary (see photo in link).
These remains were identified by a priest in the 19th century. Not far from the area of the excavations at Ephesus is finally located a cave called the “seven sleepers” that, according to legends and traditions that date back to the third century, was used by some young people in conflict with the Roman power at the time.
Ephesus is finally one of the seven cities mentioned in the Apocalypse of John (or the Book of Revelation).