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Oedipus

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Oedipus was a tragic hero in Greek mythology a king condemned to a fate severe, because he unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. His story is the story of a person because he did not know his true identity, has followed the wrong path in life. When he set foot on this path, his best qualities do not save the results of actions that have violated the laws of gods and humans. Oedipus represents two enduring themes of Greek mythology and drama: the imperfect nature of humanity and powerlessness of the individual against the course of destiny in a world hard.

Mito. The story begins with a son born to King Laius and Jocasta, Queen of Thebes *. * The oracle of Delphi told that their children grow up and marry Jocasta Laius’s murder. Horrified, the king tied the child’s feet with a pin and left him in a mountainside to die.

However, the shepherds found the baby, who became known as Oedipus or “swollen foot” and moved to the city of Corinth. Polybius was King and Queen Merope had taken and led him to think it was his own son. When Oedipus grew, however, someone said it was not the son of Polybius. Oedipus went to Delphi to ask the oracle about its origins. The reply was: “You’re the man for murdering his father and marry his mother.”

How to Laius and Jocasta, Oedipus was determined to avoid the fate planned for him. Believing that the oracle had said that he was destined to kill Polybus and Merope married, has vowed not to return to Corinth. Instead, he went to Thebes.

When Oedipus came to a narrow path between the rocks. There he met an elderly man in a truck coming the other way. The two argued about who should give way, and Oedipus killed abroad, and continued to Thebes. He found the city in great distress. He learned that a monster called the Sphinx of Thebes was to terrorize by devouring as they did not answer to the riddle, and that King Laius was murdered on the way to seek help from the Oracle Delphi. The riddle of the Sphinx was, “What goes on four legs in the morning, two at noon and three at night?” Oedipus gave the correct answer: “A man who crawls as a baby, becoming erect at the maturity, and leans on a stick in old age. ” With this answer, not Oedipus just defeated the Sphinx, who killed herself in rage, but won the throne of the dead king and his hand in marriage of the widow of the king, Jocasta.

Oedipus and Jocasta live happily in time and had two sons and two daughters. Then, a terrible plague was Thebes. The Prophet said that the plague is not complete until the Thebans drove the murderess of Laius, who was inside the city. Messenger, and then came to Corinth, indicate the death of King Oedipus Polybus and asked to return to the rule of law and to the Corinthians. Jocasta, Oedipus has said that the oracle had predicted to him and expressed relief that the danger was over Polybus of his murder. Jocasta told him not to worry about oracles, because the oracle had said that her first husband died from his son, and instead had been murdered a stranger on the road to Delphi.

Oedipus suddenly remembered that the fatal encounter on the road and I knew he had met and killed his real father, Laius. Meanwhile, Jocasta noticed the scars on the Oedipus feet has been marked as the baby’s legs Layo placed long ago. By the fact that she had married her own son and the murderer of Laius, who hanged himself. Oedipus took a pin from her dress and blinded himself with her.

Some accounts say that Oedipus was banished both of Thebes, while others report that he lived a miserable existence, despised by all, until their children grew. Finally, he was forced into exile, accompanied by his two daughters, Antigone and Ismene. After years of walking alone, came to Athens, where he found shelter in a grove of trees called the colon. At that time, the warring factions in Thebes wanted to return to this city, believing that his body be put to good luck. However, Oedipus at Colonus is dead, and the presence of his tomb is said to bring good luck in Athens.

Legacy. This is the most famous story of the Oedipus myth, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus and stored in two dramas by the ancient greek playwright Sophocles. Most versions of the story was followed by a model that Sophocles around, even if an earlier version of which Homer speaks the Greek epic the Iliad and the Odyssey, says that when Oedipus’s identity was revealed, Jocasta hangs herself. Oedipus, however, continues to rule Thebes died in battle, and was buried with honor.

Oedipus was a tragic hero of Greek mythology, a king to death, because unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. His story is the story of someone who, because they did not know his true identity, has followed the wrong path in life. Once he had set foot on this path, their best qualities, I could not save results of actions that have violated the laws of gods and men. Oedipus represents two constant themes of Greek mythology and drama: the imperfect nature of humanity and powerlessness of the individual against the course of fate in a harsh world.

Myth. The story begins with the king was born the son of Laius and Jocasta, Queen of Thebes *. * The oracle of Delphi told them that their children would grow up to kill Laius and marry Jocasta. Terrified, the king attacked the child’s legs together with a large pin and left him to die on the mountain.

However, the shepherds found the baby, who became known as the Oedipus complex, or “swollen foot” and took him to the city of Corinth. There, the King and Queen Merope Polybus adopted him and raised to think that it was his son. When Oedipus was grown, however, someone told him he was the son of Polybus. Oedipus went to Delphi to ask the oracle of his kin. The answer he received was: “You are the man fated to kill his father and marry his mother.”

Like Laius and Jocasta, Oedipus was determined to avoid the fate predicted for him. To believe that Oracle had said that he was destined to kill Polybius and married Merope, he vowed never to return to Corinth. Instead, he goes to Thebes.

Greek Gods List

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Greek Gods List

Demeter – Zeus – Goddess of maize and yield. He has taught man the art of plowing and sowing, so that they can end their nomadic existence. He was serious, beautiful hair almost relieved. that was as beautiful as the corn ripens. Poseidon his field, but Demeter refused to own him. To escape he fled to Arkadia, assuming the latter form of the mare, she mingled with herds of King Oncus. Poseidon, however, was able to see him, became a stallion and became her mother’s horse Arion.

When her daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades, god of the underworld, Demeter’s grief was so great that she neglected the land, the plants grew, and famine devastated the land. Appalled by this situation, Zeus, demanded that his brother Hades return Persephone to her mother. Hades agreed, but before he released the girl, made her eat some pomegranate seeds that requiring it to return with him for four months a year. In his joy at being reunited with her daughter, Demeter caused the earth to produce bright spring flowers and abundant fruit and grain for harvest. However, her pain returned each fall when Persephone had to go to hell. The bleakness of winter and death of vegetation is considered as the annual event of the pain of Demeter when her daughter was wearing. Demeter and Persephone were worshiped in the rites of the Mysteries of Eleusis.

Persephone – Persephone was Queen of the Underworld and the daughter of Demeter. Persephone is the goddess of the underworld in Greek mythology. She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of the harvest. Persephone was a beautiful girl that everyone loved him, even Hades wanted her for himself. Although Zeus gave his consent, Demeter was unwilling. Hades, therefore, grabbed the girl while she was picking flowers and carried him out of his kingdom. Persephone was the personification of the recovery of habitat in the spring. His attributes in iconography can be a torch, crown, scepter, and the stalks of wheat.

Leto – Zeus – The mother of Artemis, the goddess of the bow and hunting. He was loved by the god Zeus who, fearing the jealousy of his wife, Hera, banished Leto when she was about to give your child. All countries and islands were also afraid of Hera’s wrath and refused the desperate Leto a home where the child could be born. Finally, in his wanderings, he stepped on a small island floating in the Aegean Sea, which was called Delos.

Iapetus – The son of Uranus and Gaia. The wife of Iapetus was Clymene.

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Athena – or Pallas Athena is one of the most important goddesses in Greek mythology. Goddess of wisdom, war, art, industry, justice and skill. Athena ran an adult and armored from the forehead and Zeus and was his favorite. It’s been a proud and brave in battle, but fights only to protect the state and home from outside enemies. She was the goddess of the city, handicrafts and agriculture. She invented the bridle, which makes a man to tame horses, trumpet, flute, the pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and floats. His attributes in iconography are the aegis (fringed cloak, sometimes decorated with a Gorgon’s head), a helmet and a spear.

Ares God of War. He was very aggressive. He was unpopular with the gods and humans. Ares was not invincible, even against mortals. He personified the brutal nature of war. He was immortal, but every time he gets hurt, he would go to his father, Zeus and was healed. Ares was worshiped mainly in Thrace.

Hebe – goddess of youth. She, along with Ganymede was the cupbearer of the gods, serving their nectar and ambrosia. It also prepared the bath Ares and helped Hera to her chariot. Hebe was the wife of Hercules.

Hephaestus – god of fire and metal. He was born lame and weak, and shortly after his birth, was thrown out of Olympus. In most legends, but was honored again as soon as the Olympus, and was married to Aphrodite, the goddess of love, and Aglaia, one of three feet. His laboratory was believed buried under Mount Etna in Sicily. He has done great things and the gods, including the twelve golden thrones, weapons and treasures of the gods.

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Apollo – Apollo was primarily a god of prophecy. Sometimes it was given the gift of prophecy to mortals whom he loved, as the Trojan princess Cassandra. As a prophet and a magician, who is the patron of medicine and healing. He was a talented musician who delighted the gods with his performance on the lyre. He was also a master archer and a fast athlete, credited with being the first winner in the Olympics. Her twin sister was Artemis. He was famous for his oracle at Delphi. People traveled to it from anywhere in the Greek world to divine the future. He was also the god of agriculture and livestock, and light and truth.

Artemis – Artemis was the goddess of hunting and animals, as well as delivery. His twin brother Apollo. As the goddess of the moon, sometimes identified with the goddesses Selene and Hecate.Her attributes are the bow and arrow, while dogs, deer and goose are her sacred animals. Her temple at Ephesus was more complex.

Atlas – Son of the Titan Iapetus and the nymph Clymene, and brother of Prometheus. Atlas fought with the Titans in the war against the gods of Olympus. Atlas took by assault the heavens and Zeus punished him for this fact by condemning him to forever bear the earth and the sky on his shoulders. He was the father of the Hesperides, the nymphs who guarded the tree of golden apples, and Heracles (Hercules).

Prometheus – Prometheus was the wisest Titan, known as the friend and benefactor humanity.He stole the sacred fire from Zeus and the gods. He also deceived the gods, they should get more parts of any animal sacrificed to them, and people better. Zeus ordered Prometheus chained be for eternity in the Caucasus. It would be an eagle eating his liver every day and the liver would be renewed. So the punishment was endless, until Heracles finally killed the bird.

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Epimetheus – Epimetheus was a Titan, whose name means “afterthought”. In some accounts, he was transferred with his brother Prometheus by Zeus to create mankind. He foolishly ignored his brother Prometheus’ warnings to be wary of all the gifts of Zeus. He accepted Pandora as his wife, bringing the aches and pains in the world.

Maia – Zeus – Maia was the daughter of Atlas. She was one of the lovers of Zeus. She and Zeus was the mother of Hermes.

Dione – Zeus – The goddess Dione titánide or Zeus became the mother of Aphrodite.

Hermes – Hermes’s main role was as a messenger. As a special civil servant and messenger of Zeus, Hermes had winged sandals and a winged hat and bore a golden caduceus or magic wand, entwined with snakes and surmounted by wings. He led the souls of the dead to the underworld and was believed to possess magical powers over sleep and dreams. Five minutes after he was born, he stole a herd of cows from Apollo. He invented the lyre from a cow’s internal fibers. After Apollo learned what happened, he knew that his half-brother would he one of the Pantheon. Hermes was the patron of trickster and thieves because of his actions early in life. His attributes in iconography include kerykeion (personal messenger), winged boots, and petassos (CAP).

Aphrodite – Goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite loved and was loved by many gods and mortals. Among her mortal lovers, the most famous was perhaps Adonis. Some of her sons are Eros, Anteros, Hymenaios and Aeneas (the Trojan lover Anchises). Perhaps the most famous legend of Aphrodite in the Trojan War, in September. She was the wife of Hephaestus. Myrtle was her tree. Dove, swan, and sparrow were her birds.

Zeus – First the Greek pantheon of gods are known to close the top of Olympus, a generation previous gods called Titans, to be held. The ruler of the angels Cronus was the son of Gaia (Mother Earth). Chrono mother had told him he had stolen one of his descendants, which would be extremely effective. Therefore, whenever the wife of Cronus, Rhea gave birth to a child, he swallowed the god of the newborn to prevent them from turning over his powers …

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