Persephone was the goddess queen of the under world, wife of the goodness Haides. She was also the goddess of spring growth, who was worshipped together with her mother Demeter in the Eleusinian Mysteries. This agricultural-based cult guaranteed its initiates passing to a fortunate afterlife.
Persephone was titled Kore (the Maiden) as the goddess of spring’s bounty. Once upon a time when she was playing in a elaborate meadow with her Nymph companions, Kore was grabbed by Haides and carried off to the underworld as his bride. Her mother Demeter despaired at her dissappearance and searched for her the throughout the world complemented by the goddess Hekate bearing torches. When she discovered that Zeus had conspired in her daughter’s abduction she was furious, and declined to let the earth fruit until Persephone was returned. Zeus consented, but because the girl had sampled of the food of Haides–a handful of pomegranate seeds–she was forced to forever spend a part of the year with her husband in the underworld. Her annual return to the earth in spring was marked by the flowering of the meadows and the sudden growth of the new grain. Her return to the underworld in winter, alternatively, saw the dying down of plants and the halting of growth.
In other myths, Persephone appears specifically as the queen of the underworld, receiving the likes of Herakles and Orpheus at her court.
Persephone was generally depicted as a young goddess holding sheafs of grain and a flaming torch. Sometimes she was shown in the company of her mother Demeter, and the hero Triptolemos, the teacher of agriculture. At other times she appears enthroned beside Haides.
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