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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

Hierapolis was established by King Eumenes 2 and was given the name of “Hiera” in the honour of the wife of  Telephos, the legendary establisher of the ancient Pergamum.

Hierapolis was visited frequently by the people from the nearest cities and Laodicea -the ancient site established before Hierapolis, for using the thermal springs known for its curing properties to several illnesses.

From the 3 BC, as the fame of Hierapolis increased continually, migrations started from around and Hierapolis became an attractive and a favorable settlement, a rival city to Laodicea.

Was given to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, in the will of Pergamon King, Attalos 2. The town was destroyed completely by an earthquake in 17AD, in the reign of Tiberious.

The re-construction of Hiera polis was started in 60 AD, during the reign of Nero. Hierapolis reached its high and lived the most prosperous periods during the reign of Severus and his son Caracalla, around the years of 196AD and 215AD. A substantial development existed in the city, in art and culture. Many rich marble mines were founded and the marbles of  Hierapolis were used in Hagia Sophia of Istanbul.

It was governed by a Roman governor of Ephesus, in the Roman period. Sources stated that the city was also visited by Hadrian. With the division of the Roman Empire into two in 395 AD, the city was ruled by the Byzantine. Hierapolis had become the capital of  Phyrigia during the reign of  Constantine.

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The acceptance of Christianity created a new stage for the social and religious structure of Hierapolis’ becoming a patriarchal center. Also, in 80 AD, St. Philip -one of the 12 Apostles, was thought to have been killed in Hierapolis.

The city lost its prior importance from the early of the 6th century, continuing to the 11th century. The dreadful earthquake in 1354 meant the city was emptied, totally and has not settled properly since that date, even in Turkish-Ottoman periods. The city was covered by the uncontrolled waters and travertine. Today the thermal waters of Hierapolis reached to its former fame and became an interesting touristical center for foreigners,  not reputed only for its thermal waters, but also for its various temples and social activities such as the lively festivals and music concerts, popular with all.

Therefore, tourism was one of the main incomes of Hierapolis, during that era. Textile was also developed gradually and had become the principal source of the city’s prosperity.

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Kusadasi

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Kusadasi

Kusadasi one of Turkey’s top vacation areas, features a great atmosphere for an unique vacation. Found on the western shore of Asia Minor in present day Turkey – 90km southern of Izmir. Kusadasi, is well-known for being one of the most beautiful areas of the Aegean, as it is near to the significant well-known websites such as Ephesus, Forehead of Artemis, Goddess Artemis, Virgin Marry House, Seven Sleepers, Didyma, Priene, Miletos – the major of the past, and best for sightseers. Kusadasi has a common Mediterranean sea that you are with hot summer time some time to slight winter months, giving a lengthy vacation time. The location is washed in sunlight for 300 times of the season.

Kusadasi, as many know, requires its name from the tiny islet of Guvercinada (Pigeon Island) in the bay. The location, now the website for a variety of vacation features, was attached to the landmass for protection causes following the Moria Rebel in 1834. Although time of the first pay out in Kusadasi is unfamiliar it is apparent that it goes again in its history. In 3000 BC the Karia came from Anatolia and completed here. In Twelfth hundred years BC, it became a piece of the Ionian Group and was then known as Panionia. In 546 BC, the Persians came here had captured the complete beaches, with Kusadasi then being taken over by the Romans in 200 BC. This normally was followed by the Byzantine era and with the community location of Ephesus dropping its acceptance, Kusadasi became more effective. With its normal slot it became a middle of business. In 1071, it came under the management of the Selcuk Turks and in 1413 was captured by Ottomans. The Ottomans designed use of the slot as a dealing middle for farming merchandise added over the Cotton Route going through The far east, Center Japan and Anatolia. Altough it never was a key middle, Kusadasi was always an significant slot, having powerful hyperlinks with Levantine areas. Until the First Community War many Jews, Genovese, Venetians and Greks resided here. After the war, with the people change, the Greeks went to Portugal and Turks, especially those from The island, were completed in the aera.

You can obtain a seaside for diving even in the location middle. While there is a seaside right in the middle of Kusadasi the area’s most well-known diving location is Ladies Beach. You can get there in moments by getting a dolmus from the periods when men and ladies did not bathe in the sea together. However, currently that is most certainly not the situation. The lengthy start seaside, covered with palms, has several websites giving meals, consume and warrants its acceptance.

Kusadasi is a key Aegean location area and vacation slot. Being so near to the well-known damages of Ephesus , it gets more than its discuss of Turkish and dangerous readers.

Once a tired producing town, Kusadasi was developed by the Turkish vacation period of the Early. It’s now a active location with a seaside along the beach blvd in area and several other islands southern and south of the area. They are usually packed in the summertime time.Scores of resorts present for the sun-seekers.

The primary seaside rather tiny, and guaranteed by location is Ladies Beach . Some readers create the 15-minute, 8-km generate to community Pamucak Beach, which is huge, lengthy and uncrowded, better Ephesus, but with less companies.
You can use it as a starting for checking out areas in the location such as Ephesus; Priene, Miletus and Didyma; Euromos; Pamukkale and Aphrodisias. Advised trips are available to all these areas, or you can see them by yourself.