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Ephesus

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Ephesus

Ephesus, which was established as a port used to be the largest shopping center. He played a major role in ancient times with its strategic location. Ephesus is located in a fertile valley.Ephesus, once the commercial center of the ancient world, a religious center of early Christianity, and today is an important tourist center Ephesus in Turkey.The ancient city of Ephesus in Selcuk, a small town 30 km from Kusadasi.The ruins of Ephesus, have a special meaning and value among the many sites of archaeological interest. This is due to its inestimable artistic patrimony, its titanic heritage of history and culture, and the inexhaustible beauty and charm of its archaeological site.

The original site of ancient Ephesus was probably founded in the Aegean coast on the shores of this sea which is now located 8 km. away from the archaeological excavations. Over the centuries, in fact, placed in the rubble of the plain “Kucuk Menderes” has enlarged the alluvial plain surrounding the archaeological zone, leaving behind, in fact, on the shores of the Aegean.

In Roman times it was situated on the northern slopes of the hills and Coressus Pion and south of the Cayster (Kucuk Menderes) River, the sediment that has formed a fertile plain but has caused the coast to go beyond the west . In Roman times a sea channel was maintained with difficulty to a good port west of Pion. At the end of the Byzantine period, this channel had become useless, and the coast by the mid-20th century was three miles farther west.

Ephesus, Corinth, unlike the old, about 1000 years ago, when Paul arrived in the summer of AD 52. Athens, founded a colony in the 10 century BC, its historical roots are shrouded in myth. For a short time was under the supervision of King Croesus, Lydia, and up to Cyrus, the Persian king, defeated him in 547 BC. The Persians controlled city about 200 years until it was conquered by Alexander in 334 BC. Then it became a Greek city about 200 years before Roman bought all of the province of Asia Attaloksen III, 133 BC, the king, who gave Stoa in Athens.

Lydia effect produced mixed culture of Ephesus, the Greek side, the Asians, more than anywhere else in the East greek. Successor of Alexander, Lysimachus (c. 290 BC), the walled city and parts of “the wall is still visible. The city in cooperation with Mithridates VI, king of Pontus, in his rebellion in Rome 88-85 BC. An accident more was a day of slaughter of 80 000 Roma in Asia. Ephesus paid a heavy price, in collaboration with other Greek cities, including Rome retaliated back to supremacy in the East. The city was also formally welcomed Antony and Cleopatra 32-31 BC, during the winter on the way September 31 Actium loss

However, immediately after the reign of Augustus (27 BC), Ephesus entered an era of prominence and prosperity, which lasted until the second century AD. Augustus was the capital of the Roman province of Asia and has received the coveted title, “First and largest city in Asia.” Imperial sponsorship includes the construction of aqueducts, paved streets, and expansion of agora. During the Augustan era Ephesus was the largest mall in Asia, in fact, the third largest city of the Empire, after Rome and Alexandria, with a population of about 200,000. The location was one of the many reasons for business growth. El Camino Real, built by the Persians to run from Ephesus to Susa, the Persian capital, is a gateway to and from the inside. The Romans used landmarks in the city as the origin for measuring distances in Asia.

Ephesus prospered halfway to the late second century AD, but the incompetence and cruelty of a growing number of Roman emperors in the final centuries of the second and third that led to their decline. Ephesus was also affected by the unrest in the eastern border of the Empire “in the third century, murders, pogroms against Christians, and the intervention of the Goths in southern Russia. Invaders Gothic badly damaged the city and the Temple Artemis, which has never been restored to its former glory. Strong earthquakes in the fourth and seventh centuries led to the partial abandonment of the city.

Third Ecumenical Council held in Ephesus in 431 AD, and Justin Martyr, the first Christian philosopher, was changed there.

Not the Goths, not the slime of the river, but earthquakes and malaria-carrying mosquitoes Ephesus finally finished somewhere between 6 and 10 century. The place was completely abandoned after the 14th century.

According to the book of Acts (18:19-21), Paul’s first visit was only one step on the road to Antioch, Syria. Acts of the Apostles ‘version’, he returned overland to Ephesus and Antioch, visited the churches he had established in Galatia and Phrygia on the road (18:23, 19:1). After returning to Ephesus, Paul calmed down, and carried out his ministry here in over two years (19:10). Some scholars think that Paul may have been transferred directly to Corinth, Ephesus, and to create a society without returning to Antioch. Which, Ephesus was the center of his missionary work at least 27 months, maybe 3 years (20.31).

With Ephesus as their base of operations, Paul and his team spread the Christian gospel in the cities and adjacent areas of Asia. His choice of Ephesus made sense because he was big, cosmopolitan, multicultural, and political center, economic and religious meeting place for people, goods and ideas around the Mediterranean. Such diversity of culture, religion and ethnic origin was not nice, but a product of cultural conflict, animosity and ethnic hatred simmering.

The story of Paul in Ephesus in Acts 19:01 to 20:01 tell. Acts says that he went first to the synagogue, but has not yet arrived at Ephesus, the synagogue remains. From there he moved to the hall of Tyrannus by his ministry of preaching and healing. Paul urged his listeners to join a new community, stripped of their ethnicity, and built on the sacrifice and mutual support.

Of the nearly three years, data Acts only two incidents highlight what Paul met at Ephesus. The city was known as a center of magic and miracles, and the first story is to move the Jewish exorcists who tried to heal the name of Jesus as Paul did, but could not (Acts 19:13-16). Be converted, burned in their works the magic arts magicians. (19:19).

The second incident was a riot in the theater of protest motivated by goldsmiths against Paul. According to Acts, Paul was a success (“the word of God grew mightily and prevailed” – Acts 19:20), which has threatened the livelihood of the artisans who have memories of money and the Temple of Artemis sold to foreign tourists and pilgrims . Most Greek and Egyptian pantheons were in Ephesus, but Artemis was the patron goddess. Researchers disagree about what that means, but the merger seems to have been Greek virgin goddess Artemis of chastity, and an ancient mother goddess. A source said that the religion of the goddess was not characterized by the base of sensual or focus on sexuality and fertility, but internationally recognized as a religion whose prime minister called on both the need for social and personal pietism Ephesians.

Ephesus Museum
Ephesus Photos
Synagogues Ephesus
Library of Celsus, Ephesus

 

Ephesus Arena (hippodrome), Kusadasi

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The large stadium or hippodrome of Ephesus was at first created in the third century BC and continuing to be used, for slightly completely different requirements, even after the rise of Christianity.

History

The stadium has been dated by an inscription to the leadership of Nero (54-68 AD). But the Roman stadium almost certainly replaced an earlier structure built throughout the rule of Hellenistic king Lysimachus (3rd century BC).

Ephesus’ stadium was well-taken care of over the centuries and even received a major restoring in the 4th century. Gladiatorial and animal fights fell out of favor with the rise of Christianity, but athletic games continuing here well into the Byzantine period of time.

When Ephesus was generally abandoned in the 7th century, much of the arena was dismantled and its stone added to the fortifications on Ayasuluk hill.

What to See ?

The stadium was shaped like a long ‘U’ and measured 229m by 28m. The spectactors’ seats on the south side were cut from the side of Mt. Pion, while those on the north side rested on vaults.

The stadium narrowed in the center, allowing the eastern section to be turned into an arena for the more gory spectacles of gladiators and animal combats. Wild animals were kept in small rooms neighborhood.

The principal entrance to the stadium was through a well-preserved breathtaking gate on the west side.

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