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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

Hierapolis was established by King Eumenes 2 and was given the name of “Hiera” in the honour of the wife of  Telephos, the legendary establisher of the ancient Pergamum.

Hierapolis was visited frequently by the people from the nearest cities and Laodicea -the ancient site established before Hierapolis, for using the thermal springs known for its curing properties to several illnesses.

From the 3 BC, as the fame of Hierapolis increased continually, migrations started from around and Hierapolis became an attractive and a favorable settlement, a rival city to Laodicea.

Was given to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, in the will of Pergamon King, Attalos 2. The town was destroyed completely by an earthquake in 17AD, in the reign of Tiberious.

The re-construction of Hiera polis was started in 60 AD, during the reign of Nero. Hierapolis reached its high and lived the most prosperous periods during the reign of Severus and his son Caracalla, around the years of 196AD and 215AD. A substantial development existed in the city, in art and culture. Many rich marble mines were founded and the marbles of  Hierapolis were used in Hagia Sophia of Istanbul.

It was governed by a Roman governor of Ephesus, in the Roman period. Sources stated that the city was also visited by Hadrian. With the division of the Roman Empire into two in 395 AD, the city was ruled by the Byzantine. Hierapolis had become the capital of  Phyrigia during the reign of  Constantine.

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The acceptance of Christianity created a new stage for the social and religious structure of Hierapolis’ becoming a patriarchal center. Also, in 80 AD, St. Philip -one of the 12 Apostles, was thought to have been killed in Hierapolis.

The city lost its prior importance from the early of the 6th century, continuing to the 11th century. The dreadful earthquake in 1354 meant the city was emptied, totally and has not settled properly since that date, even in Turkish-Ottoman periods. The city was covered by the uncontrolled waters and travertine. Today the thermal waters of Hierapolis reached to its former fame and became an interesting touristical center for foreigners,  not reputed only for its thermal waters, but also for its various temples and social activities such as the lively festivals and music concerts, popular with all.

Therefore, tourism was one of the main incomes of Hierapolis, during that era. Textile was also developed gradually and had become the principal source of the city’s prosperity.

Hierapolis Photos

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A visit to a variety of places like Hagia Sophia

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The Hagia Sophia history is something that needs to be understood, and for that you need to visit this place. This is a lot interesting than visiting meaningless site that does not have any sort of historical references. Taking the route towards Byzantine to be one of the best known vacations for you, and you could also visit Constantinople in case you happen to fall in that direction. There are a lot of things that you can actually visit while you are in Turkey, and you should always take the help of tours that can guide you towards all the important monuments and sites in which you can have a very good vacation with your family and friends.

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A visit to a variety of places like Hagia Sophia

When your mind is set on a vacation, then it would be a good idea for you to visit the country of Turkey. There are a lot of advancements that have actually been going on in this particular country, and until and unless you go there, you would not be able to view a variety of advancements that have taken place the independence of this country.

If you happen to be a staunch Islamic supporter, then it would be a good idea for you to visit the Hagia Sophia. This is one of the best known museums that were previously a mosque. It is one of the famous monuments that have actually been converted to a Muslim mosque from a church.

With a lot of people trying to visit Istanbul, it would be a good idea on your part to ensure that you would be able to enjoy the entire vacation, as well as taking to account that there are a lot of things that need to be done in case you befall any such hazards.

The Hagia Sophia history is something that needs to be understood, and for that you need to visit this place. This is a lot interesting than visiting meaningless site that does not have any sort of historical references.

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Taking the route towards Byzantine to be one of the best known vacations for you, and you could also visit Constantinople in case you happen to fall in that direction. There are a lot of things that you can actually visit while you are in Turkey, and you should always take the help of tours that can guide you towards all the important monuments and sites in which you can have a very good vacation with your family and friends.