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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

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Hierapolis, Pamukkale

Hierapolis was established by King Eumenes 2 and was given the name of “Hiera” in the honour of the wife of  Telephos, the legendary establisher of the ancient Pergamum.

Hierapolis was visited frequently by the people from the nearest cities and Laodicea -the ancient site established before Hierapolis, for using the thermal springs known for its curing properties to several illnesses.

From the 3 BC, as the fame of Hierapolis increased continually, migrations started from around and Hierapolis became an attractive and a favorable settlement, a rival city to Laodicea.

Was given to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, in the will of Pergamon King, Attalos 2. The town was destroyed completely by an earthquake in 17AD, in the reign of Tiberious.

The re-construction of Hiera polis was started in 60 AD, during the reign of Nero. Hierapolis reached its high and lived the most prosperous periods during the reign of Severus and his son Caracalla, around the years of 196AD and 215AD. A substantial development existed in the city, in art and culture. Many rich marble mines were founded and the marbles of  Hierapolis were used in Hagia Sophia of Istanbul.

It was governed by a Roman governor of Ephesus, in the Roman period. Sources stated that the city was also visited by Hadrian. With the division of the Roman Empire into two in 395 AD, the city was ruled by the Byzantine. Hierapolis had become the capital of  Phyrigia during the reign of  Constantine.

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The acceptance of Christianity created a new stage for the social and religious structure of Hierapolis’ becoming a patriarchal center. Also, in 80 AD, St. Philip -one of the 12 Apostles, was thought to have been killed in Hierapolis.

The city lost its prior importance from the early of the 6th century, continuing to the 11th century. The dreadful earthquake in 1354 meant the city was emptied, totally and has not settled properly since that date, even in Turkish-Ottoman periods. The city was covered by the uncontrolled waters and travertine. Today the thermal waters of Hierapolis reached to its former fame and became an interesting touristical center for foreigners,  not reputed only for its thermal waters, but also for its various temples and social activities such as the lively festivals and music concerts, popular with all.

Therefore, tourism was one of the main incomes of Hierapolis, during that era. Textile was also developed gradually and had become the principal source of the city’s prosperity.

Hierapolis Photos



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Pamukkale, 19 kilometres north of Denizli, is Turkey’s foremost mineral-bath spa for the natural beauty: hot calcium-laden waters spring in the earth and cascade over the cliff. When they cool they form dramatic travertines of hard, brilliantly white calcium that form pools.

Pamukkale is a spa since the Romans built the spa town of Hierapolis around a sacred warm-water spring. The Sacred Pool remains, plagued by marble columns with the Roman Temple of Apollo. You may swim in it for a small charge.

Used to be a popular stop on every backpacker’s trip to Turkey. Adventurous travelers would remain in Pamukkale Town’s small pensions and hotels, delight in the warm mineral water of the travertime pools, linger over long dinners with drinks at night, exchange tales from the road, and customarily have a very wonderful amount of time in this laid-back atmosphere.

In the 1990s the area authorities undertook a development campaign meant to increase the spa and increase tourism. Misconceived somewhat, the development, along with adjustments to Turkey’s entire tourism picture, resulted in fewer visitors.

Word went out: Pamukkale is ruined! It’s not the gorgeous place it once was.

Pamukkale is among Turkey’s top attractions and a precious on earth which consists of cotton-look terraces. The underground water once gave life towards the ancient town of Hierapolis now helps Pamukkale be one of the vital important thermal centers of Turkey.

Tourists and locals visit Pamukkale and Hierapolis frequently not only for its extraordinary look as well as ancient history but in addition for overall healthiness. Medically proven to cure many diseases, the waters attract people and there are lots of thermal hotels in the community that serve twelve months a year.

A unique natural and historical site using the sparkling white castle -like cascades, Pamukkale is one of the most significant highlights of Turkey, unique on the globe. The location is named in Turkish as “Pamukkale”, that means “cotton castle”, parallel for the glorious and spectacular look at the location. The dazzling white calcareous castles are formed by limestone-laden thermal springs, creating the unbelievable formation of stalactites, potholes and cataracts.

Hierapolis Pamukkale travertine

travertine, travertine pools

Waters while in the terraces include the sediments with the springs with calcium bicarbonate in 33C. Waters, containing mainly calcium salts and carbon-dioxide, run off the plateau’s by depositing calcium while carbon-dioxide disappearing. The marvelous landscape of Pamukkale has been created from this gradual formation, leaving a cotton-like image.

Located above the theatre of Hierapolis, the mineral water sources in the thermal springs of Cal Mountain. It is collected in a very pool, referred to as the “Sacred Pool” of past, where one can swim amidst the historical remains of Hierapolis. The Sacred Pool will now be located inside Pamukkale Hotel.

The water of Pamukkale is renowned for its benefits to your eyes and skin; and its curing properties to the ills of asthma, rheumatism, as well. The remains of the ancient Hierapolis sit on back of the thrilling white terraces, standing wondrously in the realm. The fairyland Pamukkale could be a must-see vacationing through this region, within a holiday in Turkey.

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