Library of Celsus, Ephesus The Library of Celsus is a Roman mausoleum and library created in the early 2nd century AD. As one of the most beautifully reassembled buildings in Ephesus, it has become an icon of the ancient metropolis. History
The Library of Celsus was comissioned by the Consul Julius Aquila as a mausoleum for his father, Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, Roman governor of the Asian Provinces. It may be that Celsus was awarded daring honors, which would furthur rationalise the expense.
The monument was constructed between 110 and 135 AD, after which Celsus was smothered in a niche on the right side of the back wall. With a few 100’s of years of its manufacturing a fire demolished the studying room and the library fell into disuse. Around four hundred AD, the courtyard below the exterior steps was changed into a pool. The fakeness collapsed in an earthquake in the tenth hundred years.
The Library of Celsus was increased from the rubble to its present outstanding state by F. Hueber of the Austrian Historical Institute between the early 70’s and 1978. What to See Located next to the south gate, the Library of Celsus is 21m wide and over 16m high with a 2.4m-deep portico.
The mausoleum-library originally had three stories, with galleries in the upper two stories. Scrolls and codexes were stored in the niches, dispensed by a librarian. In total, 30 bookcases held about 12,000 scrolls. The reading room faced east in order to take advantage of the best light.
The lower niches of the facade contain four statues, which are through to represent Wisdom, Knowledge, Destiny, and Intelligence. These are replicas of the originals that are now in Vienna. Latin and Greek inscriptions can be seen amongst the ruins of the library