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Zeus

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Thousands of years ago many people believed in a god named Zeus. He was considered the god of sky and weather and his image appeared on most Greek coins. The people of Greece worshiped this idol as their god. Zeus has become one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Phidias, Greek sculptor famous and his workers carved a gigantic statue of Zeus in a special workshop behind the temple. It was made entirely of gold and ivory (chryselephantine). When finished, he sat in the temple on a throne with elaborate sculptures and paintings of Greek myths and legends. Zeus is the most famous statue of antiquity because of its size, its charm and value.

Zeus was the supreme god and ruler of Olympus. He was known by many titles: The Man in the sky, the cloud-gatherer, Zeus the god of rain and thunder, which shows the force of nature was considered the largest in the ancient world – the rain. In most other mythologies of the “god-king” was usually associated with the sun, but in Greece, the climate is hot and dry to rain rare, life-giving power.

Zeus was the sixth child born to Cronus and Rhea, Cronus, for rule of the Titans and the supreme god at that time was afraid that one of his children would overthrow him, as he overthrew his father Ouranos, he swallowed his first five children – Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter and Hestia. This of course infuriated Rhea and when Zeus was born she tricked Cronus into swallowing a stone wrapped in blankets. Zeus is more powerful than any god, or even all the other gods together. But unlike many gods in other religions, he was neither omnipotent nor omniscient. It could be done, rather, deceived and tricked by gods and humans. Power, but was not a great unlimited, Zeus had no control over the fates and destinies. Like all Greek gods, Zeus was the subject of pleasure, pain, grief and anger, but was more sensitive to the power of Eros – love, as was often the object of his desire for a lot of trouble with his wife, Hera.

Zeus was mighty, glorious, great and wise, although it showed a degree of naivety madness and amazing when you tried to hide his love. Some historians attribute the unusual behavior of the nobility, “a noble of all” that Zeus is most likely a compilation of several “high gods” in various fields. When her cult spread to an area that has already loved another god, some of the qualities of God and of his wife and his mistress were taken to Zeus. Apart from the endless business Zeus was different from other gods, which was not involved in the arguments and petty intrigues that make up the daily result of the other gods. As this wise ruler, who also demanded a law action and the right of men. But Zeus was vindictive, as seen in the creation of man by Prometheus, but only for good reason.

Zeus had two special assistants, Nike (Victoria), the goddess of victory, and his cup holder, Hebe, who was one of his many daughters. After Hebe married Heracles, Ganymede replaced as cupbearer of Zeus. In Roman mythology, the counterpart of Zeus, Jupiter, was also Fama (FAME) and Fortuna (luck and chance, Tyche in Greek).

Zeus was the guardian of political order and peace. The frame is his armor – so glorious and terrible at the same time to see that no human could see Zeus in all his magnificence and survive. His weapon is, of course, the lightning that threw him that he disliked. The barrels were formed by the three Cyclopes, which was also the power to decide the battle with the Titans. Your bird is the eagle, his tree – the oak. Dodona was his oracle. His will was revealed by the rustling of oak leaves which was interpreted by his priests.

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HERA

Hera was the wife of Zeus. She was raised by the Titans Ocean and Tethys, despite the nickname “cow-face” (in some translations – “ox-eyed”), which seems to have stuck with her through the years, she was very beautiful, Actually, it was one of three participants in the Judgement of Paris, which led to the Trojan War. But his personality was not so attractive, she was small and cruel, and is usually displayed administration or some form of revenge on one of the lovers of Zeus. The one and only one, the myth appears as a noble and gracious protector of heroes and inspiration for heroic deeds, a quest for the Golden Fleece.

As one might expect marriage to Zeus, Hera was not to his taste, after Zeus had courted in vain for a moment, he turned to fraud. Transformed into a wounded bird of Hera, feeling sorry for him, he held his chest to warm it, Zeus, who exploit the situation raped her. She was married to him to cover his shame.

Zeus was anything but a faithful husband, so Hera, in turn, has been a faithful wife. Once we even convinced the other gods to join a revolt against Zeus. Its function was the drug Zeus, and this was successful. The gods tied sleeping Zeus to a couch taking care to make many solid knots. However, planned to do and began to argue over who would be Zeus. Briareus heard the allegations, still full of gratitude to Zeus, who came to her aid and was able to untie the knots quickly in number. Zeus sprang from the couch and grabbed his thunderbolt. As the gods fell to their knees praying for mercy, took Hera and hung in the sky with gold chains. She screamed in pain all night, but no one dared to help. Zeus was still crying and the next day agreed to his release if she vowed never to go against him. She had no choice but to accept.

Although she never rebelled, she often intrigued against Zeus’s plans and she was often able to thwart.

Hera was the goddess of marriage and the protector of married women. Sandals, tank and seat were of pure gold, but it was not uncommon with the gods. His animal is the cow, the peacock, and sometimes the cuckoo. Hera had Clean Messenger – the nimble-footed Iris (Rainbow). Argos and Sparta were his favorite cities. She was not distinctive and can not be identified in the performing arts or through registration or context.

Zeus PROTECTOR

Zeus held a scepter with an eagle above his left hand and a winged goddess of Victory (Nike) in his right hand. The flesh was made of ivory with gold drapes covering the picture. The Olympic Zeus declared their guard and said he presided over the gods on Mt. Olympus in Thessaly.

Every four years, the festival will include Olympic Games in honor of God Today, nations are still confronted with the Olympics, but not for the glory of Zeus. Ability of the athletes themselves, and are rewarded.

Legend has it that Zeus was the youngest son of Titans Cronus and Rhea. He overthrew his father, Cronus, and drew most of his two brothers, Poseidon and Hades to see who would have taken place Kronos’. Zeus won and became the supreme ruler of the gods. Weapon was a flash and usually showed compassion, but divided the severe punishment of the wicked.

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Zeus had a number of women who gave birth to many children.

  1. Metos (wisdom) – was his first wife and she bore Athena.
  2. Themis – Dock diameter, Eirene, Eunomia, Horae, and Fates.
  3. Titaness – gave birth to nine children, which has come to consider.
  4. Leto – took the twins, Apollo and Artemis.
  5. Whey – has become a regular companion.

Zeus was known to have numerous affairs with mortal women to produce more children with Hercules.

Zeus has been called the master of the gods, and the “father of men.” The title may be more effective than meritorious, it seemed to apply to the philosophers of Zeus, who regarded him as a supreme god and sculptor of the universe. The concept was not a primitive, Zeus, was the master of men, Agamemnon was a semi-manual, semi-elected king of akhaialaisten. In this role, he was the guarantor of contracts, oaths, the protector of customers have been involved in human activities, will open under the watchful eye of his.

The powerful deity was considered the god of the sky and ruler of the heavenly fire, one side of the personality of Zeus that the Homeric verse fully described. As the “king” of the sky, he was a kind of welfare, but his will was kept in check by the immutable laws of fate, and his regime have often been limited by these laws and respected. Although constrained by this limit, the control of Zeus and follow a policy, its decisions were often arbitrary or go with passion, and they responded with a hidden agenda, had the wisdom which ultimately revealed. He was the ultimate dispenser of good and evil in all men.

Zeus was the son of Cronus and his sister, Rhea. It is also in that relationship came to Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon. But a curse had been placed on Cronos, who is a dishonest and abusive when he refused to complicate Gaia when it knocked his father out of the cast. Instead of releasing his brothers convicted by Uranus never see the light of day, gave Cronus prisoners in their underground prison, which infuriated Gaia. Gaia swore that he would even know the fate that he had placed on his father being deposed by his own children. So to protect themselves from this curse, he devoured his offspring as soon as Rhea gave birth to them. The first five, he swallowed hard, but when Zeus was born Rhea decided to save the child. With the help of Gaia, she found refuge in a cave in Crete, where she gave birth. Then take a stone, Rhea wrapped in swaddling clothes, and had to return to Cronos, who, no doubt, he caught and swallowed.

Zeus was saved, and with the same time Cronos sealed his own fate.

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The young Zeus has grown from infancy in the cave will be supported by the nymphs of Amalthea, and protected by Curetes, which means “young men” who were warriors armed with spears and shields, who performed a dance of war around the cave. It was to drown the child cries, so Cronus would not discover he had been duped, and devouring his son. In this case, it seems, as often happens, the myth grew out of a ritual: a ritual war dance was practiced in Crete, also in other countries Hellenized by people imitating the acts alleged in the minds of storm in the mountains and the sky these dances probably resulted in Ruse Rhea.

Although protected by Zeus matured to receive all his divine powers. When is the time of prophecy fulfilled Gaia Zeus, his wife was Metis, daughter of Oceanus, whose name means “Caution” or “treachery”. She gave him a drug that would make his father throw up his five children, who had already eaten, and still bore the body. They all came, and their allies, Zeus attacked Cronus and his companion, the Titans. The war, which fought one another, it took ten years. Finally, Gaia, Zeus, Oracle has promised to win, if he would accept help the monster that Cronus had imprisoned Tartarus. Zeus agreed, allowing a Gaia, Cronus did not want to ignore. Zeus sent the monsters to win. Accounting for this victory were the weapons that the monsters gave Young Gods, which bear their names, which included forged a thunderbolt from Zeus, and Cyclops.

Cronos and the Titans were then limited in the depths of the underworld and has taken the place of monsters who were their guards.

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Hesiod’s Theogony, written shortly after 700 BC, for the most revered traditions of the birth and childhood of Zeus. But there were others: Arcadia particular boasted of being the birthplace of the god. It was easy to deduce the last Greek Zeus was formed by the absorption of many local “gods.” For example, Zeus in Crete itself probably replaced a god of vegetation, as the Cretans have presented a ” Tomb of Zeus “and few but the gods of vegetation were supposed to be subjected to regular death and rebirth.

Zeus, the supreme sky god of the Greeks and a composite figure, was suspected of involvement in the everyday affairs of people, but has never been regarded as a creator god. As noted by Hesiod, the origin of things related to other myths about Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth. The Dorian invasion of Greece around 1200 BC led to the overlap of the father of the Indo-European religion of heaven, a native of Minoan-Mycenaean tradition in which the earth goddess was predominant, as in India, the Aryans went down the Valley of Hindu culture. Though traces of pre-Greek tradition seen in Hera is the wife of Zeus, which is the Nephelogeretes, “the cloud gatherer,” who ruled over all. He was given other names, and shows various aspects and functions and have included Ombrie “rain god” Kataibates “descent” Ceraunus, “alleviate” Gamelia, “god of marriage” Teleios, “the integrity of the donors,” Pater, “father”, and Soter, “Savior.

“Hades, the god of the dead and Poseidon, god of the sea, is distinguished by Zeus, because their powers were seen as an extension of its special in their kingdoms. They were also granted separate mythical forms, yet the use of Olympian Zeus, ran “wolf” Lykaios, everywhere, and are only winners and losers.

In a similar tradition of his father, Cronus, Zeus’ wife soon began to divine. Hesoid tells of his first wife was Metis, and Athena was born from this Union. His second wife was Themis, the embodiment of the law or equality. The first offspring of the Horae (hours or seasons). Horae were three numbers: Eunonia, Dice, and Eirene (Order, Justice and Peace), but the Athenians knew Thall, AUX and Garp. Their names in mind the principle stages of vegetation: trees that shed, the growth and fruiting. However, the agricultural aspects of the cult gradually took on social concepts, and the spirits, who in March became president of the main concepts that are related to the social life of the city. Then came the three daughters, known as the Fates or Morae: Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos that determine the fate of every human being.

The third wife of Zeus, Eurynome, gave more than three girls, Thanks (Charity): Aglaia, Thalia and Euphrosyne. Similar to the Graces Horae were the spirits of vegetation and the spread of the joys of nature in the human heart. They lived on Olympus, with the Muses, with whom he liked to sing and dance. Like the muses were Athena and co-chaired the work of their women.

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After Zeus was the companion of his daughter of Demeter, Persephone, whose union was born. Then attached to Mnemosyne, who gave him nine daughters, the Muses. Leto was his wife who was next to Zeus Artemis and Apollo. Depending on the god Hermes was born in Maia, daughter of Atlas. Last online divine wives of Zeus was Hera, his sister, who bore him a son, the war god Ares, and their two daughters, Hebe, who embodied the youth, whose job long was to serve the heavenly banquet nectar until it becomes the wife of Hercules, and Eileithyia, the female spirit who presides over childbirth.

Even after marriage Zeus was not faithful to her husband because she loved a lot of mortals. These consisted of Alcmene, who bore Hercules, and the daughter of Zeus, the father of Semele with Dionysus. Furious at his refusal, Hera gave birth to the god Hephaestus alone without the help of Zeus.

This destiny was symbolized by a thread, which first drew the lucky against his spinning wheel, the second wound fate, destiny and the third cut at the end of life it represented was over.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Turkey Travel

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It’s friendly, beautiful, culturally rich and good value for money. It’s modern enough to be comfortable yet traditional enough to be interesting.Turkey is one of the world’s top 10 travel destinations, welcoming more than 23 million visitors every year.

Culture & Art: Turkey’s history of human habitation goes back 25,000 years. Some of the earliest-known human communities are here. Hittites, Phrygians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Crusaders, Seljuks, Mongols, Ottomans and others have all left their works of art and culture in what is now the Turkish homeland. Modern Turkey has all this—and more mobile phones than you’ve ever seen in one place before.

Special-Interest Activities: With nearly 8400 km (5200 mi) of coastline, water sports and yachting are big favorites. Hiking, white-water rafting, mountain-climbing and bicycling are all important, and growing, as is skiing. My favorite of all is hot-air ballooning.

Cuisine: Turkish food is now world-famous, and rightly so. The abundance of its fields, farms, orchards, flocks and fishing boats is exceptional, and Turkish chefs take full advantage of this bounty. Everyone comments on how good the food is. Then there’s Turkish tea.

Good Times: Sit at a long table in a meyhane (taverna) in Istanbul, Kuşadası, Bodrum, Antalya, order a glass of beer, wine or pungent rakı and join in the songs and stories. Turks revel in good food, good friends, good times, and good nightlife.For stories of life and travel in Turkey, read the excerpts from my travel memoir Bright Sun, Strong Tea.

What to See & Do in Istanbul

Istanbul’s Top Sights

These are the sights you should be sure to see, ranked in order of importance and ease of access. Luckily, the first six are close together near Sultanahmet Square. You can visit them on your own, or on Backpackers Travel’s value-for-money Old Istanbul Guided Walking Tour.

I’ve also made up self-guided walking tours.

  1. Topkapı Palace: Home (and Harem!) of the sultans
  2. Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia): Changed the course of Western architecture; greatest church in Christendom for 1000 years
  3. Sultanahmet (Blue) Mosque: Islam’s elegant answer to Ayasofya, with six minarets and blue interior tiles
  4. Byzantine Hippodrome: The political and recreational heart of Byzantine Constantinople and Ottoman Istanbul
  5. Turkish & Islamic Arts Museum: facing the Blue Mosque on the Hippodrome, a treasure-house of 1000 years of fine art
  6. Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarnıçı): An eerie subterranean “sunken palace” of 336 marble columns which could hold 80,000 cubic feet of water in case of drought or siege
  7. Grand Bazaar: The ultimate medieval “shopping center,” with 4000 shops, fun whether you buy or just browse
  8. Egyptian (Spice) Market: Food, spices, coffee, snacks and some touristy stuff
    Click here for hotels in Turkey
  9. Beyoğlu: The romance of 19th-century Istanbul
  10. Dolmabahçe Palace: The sultan’s sumptuous new (1856) European-style palace on the Bosphorus
  11. Bosphorus Cruise: The perfect 90-minute, half-day or full-day Istanbul excursion, up toward the Black Sea past castles, palaces and Ottoman-Victorian villages
  12. Princes’ Islands: Get away to islands with Victorian-era towns free of motor vehicles: walk, bicycle, or take a horse-drawn carriage tour

Turkey’s Aegean coast is beautiful, historic and agriculturally rich. Here are the highlights of both the coast and the interior, in alphabetical order:

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Afyon
The center of Turkey’s legal opium trade, a dramatic hilltop fortress stands at the center of Afyon. At its feet are some historic buildings and lots of pastry shops serving the region’s renowned clotted cream.

Alaçatı
This charming small town west of Izmir near Çeşme is yet unspoiled, visited by local vacationers in the know, but nearly unknown to foreign visitors except for passionate windsurfers.

Aphrodisias
The city of Aphrodite, Roman goddess of Love, is among Turkey’s most interesting ancient ruins. Detour to it on your way between Pamukkale and Ephesus.

Assos (Behramkale)
Charming seaside hamlet facing lesvos in the shadow of a hilltop Temple to Athena—perfect for a getaway.

Aydın
Ancient Tralleis, chief city of the Meander River valley, it has little to see today, but you may have to change buses here.

Ayvalık
This North Aegean seacoast resort town is popular with Turkish vacationers.

Bergama (Pergamum)
Famous for its ancient library and medical center, an attractive farming town with lots to see.

Bodrum
Picturesque resort on two small bays divided by a crusader castle, a favorite yachting port noted for its exuberant nightlife .

Çanakkale
On the Dardanelles, your base for visits to Troy and the Gallipoli battlefields.

Çeşme
The peninsula extending westward from Izmir into the Aegean is a traditional summer vacation land for Izmirlis, but in recent years it has begun to attract visitors from around the world.

Denizli
This modern city near Pamukkale has all the transport connections (air, bus, rail) for the warm mineral springs resort.

Ephesus (Selçuk)
The best-preserved classical city on the Mediterranean, a must-see . The town of Selçuk makes a good base for exploring lots of other ancient cities, as well as hill towns and beaches.

Eskişehir
Though mainly a center of transport and industry, this is where most of the world’s meerschaum—and pipes—comes from.

Euromos
A Greek temple perfect as a Hollywood set, right on the road between Ephesus, Milas and Bodrum.

Foça
Ancient Phocaea is now a nice resort town—actually, two resort towns, with swimming, windsurfing, restauranting and other pleasures.

Gallipoli
Momentous battles during World War I, and poignant monument-strewn battlefields today.

Izmir
Turkey’s third largest city is mostly modern, with good hotels, great seaside restaurants, an interesting bazaar, a few museums and archeological remains .

Kuşadası
Bustling seaside resort and cruise ship port near Ephesus .

Kütahya
Known for its beautiful colored glazed tiles and pottery, this city also has several fine old buildings and, on its outskirts, a well-preserved Roman temple at Aizanoi.

Milas
A carpet-weaving center with a scale model (in marble) of the grandest tomb of ancient times: the Mausoleum .

Pamukkale
Hot calcium-laden mineral waters ripple over a cliff to form cascades of gleaming white stone at this spa inland near Denizli. You can even swim in the water! Stop at Roman Aphrodisias, City of Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, on the way to Pamukkale from Ephesus.

Phrygia
North of Afyon among the low hills at Aslankaya and Midas Şehri are remains of King Midas’s ancient kingdom, 2700 years old.

Sardis
An easy ride east of Izmir are these impressive ruins, with a fine Roman gymnasium and synagogue, and Byzantine churches.

Şirince
This little hill town close to Selçuk and Ephesus is straight out of Tuscany…or the Turkish equivalent.

Troy (Truva)
Once thought to exist only in legend, the walls of Troy have been excavated and restored—and made into a movie.

Turkey’s Mediterranean shore, called the Turquoise Coast, is nearly 1600 km (994 miles) long, scattered with fine-sand beaches and sprinkled abundantly with classical cities turned to picturesque ruins.

The Turquoise Coast is the first place to think of when you’re considering a seaside vacation in Turkey. It has more and better beaches and resorts than does the Aegean coast, and warmer, saltier water than the Black Sea coast.The Taurus (Toros) Mountains form a dramatic backdrop along much of the coast, often dropping steeply right into the sea, but in some places rivers have washed down enough sediment over the ages to form beaches backed by fertile alluvial plains good for growing cotton, vegetables, and even tropical fruits like bananas.

Bodrum
Whether you consider Bodrum the south end of the Aegean or the west end of the Mediterranean, it is still Turkey’s foremost chic seaside resort, with two perfect bays framing a noble crusader castle, and the flashiest discos in the land.

Marmaris
“Green Marmaris” is Turkey’s most active yachting port, and a likely departure point for your Blue Voyage yacht cruise.

Köyceğiz
Peaceful and quiet, this traditional town sits on the shore of large, placid Köyceğiz Lake connected to the Mediterranean by the reedy Dalyan River. Hot springs are nearby.

Dalyan
This river town in the shadow of dramatic rock tombs cut into a sheer cliff is near the ruins of ancient Caunos and wide Iztuzu Beach, both reached by riverboat.

Dalaman
Not much of a place to visit on its own, Dalaman is home to the western Med coast’s largest airport, with regular service from Istanbul and Ankara, and several international flights.

Göcek
Small, pristine and charming, this is primarily a nice port of call for yachters, but you can stop and enjoy it even if you’re only the captain of a Toyota.

Fethiye
Built on the ruins of an ancient city, Fethiye has age-old stone sarcophagi in its streets and gardens, rock-hewn tombs in a cliff above the town, an active yacht harbor, a vast bay dotted with islands, and all tourist services.

Ölüdeniz
Over the mountains south of Fethiye, this is perhaps Turkey’s most beautiful beach, and also its most popular.

Patara
St Nicholas (“Santa Claus”) was born here, but visitors now come for the spacious, very long, very uncrowded beach as well as the sand-covered ruins of St Nick’s Roman town.

Kalkan
A tiny charming fishing village has become a yacht port with nice little restaurants.

Kaş
A lazy pace governs this nice little resort town far enough from the airports to preserve a lot of its charm.

Üçağız/Kale
Close to Kas, Üçagiz is a tiny village on a cove with a sunken Roman city and an island (Kekova) with a Byzantine one.

Demre/Myra
Dramatic cliff tombs loom above a huge Roman theater, and vegetables grow everywhere in the rich alluvial soil. This is where St Nicholas did his good works, and where he is buried. Stop and say “Hi!” to Santa!

Finike
Once called Phoenicus, Finike is now a sleepy fishing town with a long pebble beach nearby.

Olimpos & Çıralı
Roman ruins scattered in a pine forest, a secluded beach, fertile fields, and the Chimaera, the world’s oldest and best-known natural “eternal flame,” make Olimpos and Çirali great places to spend a few days.

Phaselis
Once a thriving port shipping timber and rose oil, Phaselis is now a beatiful park backing its three perfect little bays good for a swim.

Kemer
Built as a modern Mediterranean-style resort in the 1980s, Kemer is filled with group tours. it boasts all sorts of hotels and restaurants, a beach, yacht marina, and a park with a Yörük (Turkoman nomad) theme.

Beldibi
The coast north of Kemer is lined with posh self-contained resort complexes.

Antalya
The “capital” of the Turquoise Coast, Antalya has a charming old quarter surrounding its Roman harbor, though most of the sprawling city is modern. Most importantly, it’s the coast’s transportation hub, with a huge, busy bus terminal and a large, modern international airport.

Belek
This planned resort district 36 km (22 miles) east of Antalya is still under development and will be for years to come, though some of its sprawling resort hotels are finished, complete with golf courses. If you like large resort hotels with many activities, this may be the place for you.

Side/Manavgat
Imagine a traditional Turkish village scattered among the extensive ruins of a Hellenistic-Roman city: that’s Side (SEE-deh), and it has a kilometer of fine sand beach on either side. Neighboring Manavgat has a nice waterfall and more practical shopping.

Alanya
Once a small, quiet town favored by Seljuk Turkish sultans on vacation, it’s now a large and fast-growing resort for package-tour beach-goers. The promontory at its center is topped by a dramatic Seljuk fortress. Its beaches go on for miles.

Anamur
A craggy fortress with one foot in the sea guards a spooky Byzantine ghost town in this undiscovered beachfront town.

Silifke/Tasucu
Ancient Seleukia is a thriving market town with a few interesting old ruins. Just south,Tasucu is the port for fast ferries to Turkish Cyprus.

Kızkalesi
A simple seaside village has grown into a resort town mostly because of two medieval fortresses, a fine small beach, and interesting ancient ruins in the hills inland.

Mersin (Içel)
A modern commercial port city, Mersin has ferries to Turkish Cyprus.

Tarsus
The birthplace of St Paul is mostly modern, but you can visit the ancient well said to be St Paul’s, and a Roman gate named for Cleopatra.

Adana
Turkey’s fourth largest city is fast-growing because of the local agriculture (think cotton) and light industry, but not all that interesting for tourists.

Iskenderun
Formerly Alexandretta, this mostly modern port town has a few interesting sights on its outskirts.

Antakya (Hatay)
Set back from the coast, this ancient city has Roman remains, particularly its incomparable mosaics, as well as a cave said to be the oldest Christian church. There’s a beach and more ancient relics at Samandag.

You need a passport and visa to travel to Turkey. If you are traveling as a tourist, you can purchase a 90-day sticker visa at the port of entry for $20 (U.S.) cash. There is one exception: If you are arriving by cruise ship for a day trip to Turkey, you do not require a visa as long as you are not staying on shore overnight. Official and diplomatic passports holders traveling on official business must obtain a visa from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate before arriving in Turkey.

If you are planning to work, study, or conduct academic or scientific research in Turkey, you should apply for a visa from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate before arriving in Turkey. Doing these activities while on a tourist visa in Turkey could lead to deportation.

If you are planning to stay more than three months for any purpose, you must obtain a visa from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate. You must also apply for a residence/work permit or Turkish ID card within the first month of your arrival in Turkey. This includes anyone who plans to spend more than three months doing research, studying, or working in Turkey.

You should get entry stamps on the passport page containing your visa at the first port of entry before transferring to domestic flights. If you don’t, it may cause serious difficulties for you when you leave Turkey. On multiple occasions, Turkish authorities have detained travelers overnight in such situations.

Due to a revision of Turkish residency requirements in 2008, you should not stay beyond the date permitted on your visa or residency permit. You run the risk of being deported, fined and kept out of Turkey for three months to five years. The length of the ban is determined by the length of the “overstay.”

Visit the Embassy of Turkey website for the most current visa information.Crossing the border with Iraq can be time-consuming as the Turkish government tightly controls entry and exit. Anyone wishing to cross into Iraq from Turkey must have a valid travel document, such as a passport.The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any specific HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or for foreign residents of Turkey; however, Turkey will generally deport foreigners once their HIV positive status is discovered.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.