Greek Gods, Mythology

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Homer the name traditionally attributed to the renowned author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, the two great epics of Greek antiquity. Nothing is known about Homer as an individual. In fact, the question of whether a person can be responsible for the creation of the two epics is still controversial. However, linguistic and historical data suggests that the poems were composed in the Greek colonies on the west coast of Asia Minor during the ninth century BC.

Electra was the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, the king and queen of Mycenae. When Elektra’s father came home from the Trojan War, his mother, Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus killed. They also killed Cassandra, a concubine of Agamemnon and the Trojan War.

Antigone in ancient Greece, Antigone is mostly linked to the myth that told of ancient greek playwright Sophocles, although it refers to different Antigone in the ancient greek world. Antigone was the daughter of the king of Thebes, Oedipus and Jocasta. It tells the story, Oedipus, the son of Laius and Jocasta killed his father Laius and became king of Thebes. Oedipus unknowingly married his mother Jocasta and had children with her.

Jason is a history of ancient Greek myth, a story that is passed from generation to generation. About a hero who went on a journey in search of the Golden Fleece so that he could help his father regain his kingdom of King Pelias. Aeson Jason’s father was king of Lolcus Alcimed and mother. Aeson half brother Pelias was eager for the throne of Lolcus while in battle, took the power Aeson and became king. Aeson Pelias and shared a common mother, Tyro. She was the daughter of Salmoneus and the sea god Poseidon. Pelias, to ensure that no family could challenge Aeson killed his family. Alcimed but saved her baby, Jason. To avoid your baby Alcimed said Chiron, who became his guardian.

Chaos – in an ancient Greek myth of creation, the dark, silent abyss from which all things were made. According to the Theogony of Hesiod, Chaos generated the solid Earth, from which emerged starry, cloud filled the sky. Mother Earth and Father Sky, embodied respectively Gaea and Uranus his descendants were the Titans parents. In a later theory, Chaos is the formless matter from which the cosmos, or harmonious order, was created.

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Gaea – She was the mother and wife of Father Heaven, Uranus. They were the parents of the creatures first, the Titans, the Cyclopes and the Giants – Hecatonchires (Hundred – headers). Uranus hated the monsters, and even if they were his children, locked them in a secret location on the ground. Gaea was enraged at this favoritism and persuaded their son Cronos to overthrow his father. The castrated Uranus, and his blood Gaea gave birth to the Giants, and the three avenging goddesses the Erinyes. Their children more and more terrible was Typhon, a monster of 100 head, which, though defeated by the god Zeus, was believed to Etna volcano spewing lava.

Tartarus - The lowest region of the underworld. Hesiod claimed that a brazen anvil would take several days and nights to fall from heaven to earth, and nine days and nights to fall from earth to Tartarus. Tartarus rose out of chaos and has been the destination of wicked souls. Uranus banished his children and Cyclops Hecatonchires in Tartarus, as Zeus also did to the Titans. Other famous inhabitants of Tartarus include Sisyphus, Ixion, Tantalus, Salmoneus, Tityus, Ophion and daughters of Danaus.

 

Eros – The god of love. It was considered a handsome and intense, attended by Pothos (“longing”) or Himeros (“desire”). Later mythology made him the constant agent of his mother, Aphrodite, goddess of love.

Erebus – Personification of the darkness of the underworld and the children of Chaos. . In later myth, Erebus is the dark region beneath the earth through the shadows that must go to Hades below. It is often used metaphorically for Hades itself.

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Uranus – Gaea – The personification of the sky, the sky god and husband of Gaia, the goddess land. . Their children are Hecatonchires, Cyclops and the Titans.

Hecatonchires – Three son of Uranus and Gaia. There were three of them: Briareus also called Aegaeon, Cottus and Gyges also called Gyges. They were gigantic and had fifty heads and one hundred arms each of great strength. They had 100 hands and helped Zeus in his war against the Titans.

Cronus – Rhea – Cronus was a ruler of the universe during the Golden Age. It was one of the 12 Titans and the youngest son of Uranus and Gaia, Cronus and his sister-queen, Rhea, became the parents of 6 of the 12 gods and goddesses known as the Olympians. Cronus had been warned that he would be overthrown by one of his own children. To avoid this, he swallowed his first five children when they were born. Rhea did not like it. She substituted a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes for their sixth child, Zeus. It was hidden in Crete, and as he grew older, he returned and forced Cronos to return all the other children who grew up within him. Zeus and his brothers and sisters have waged war against Cronos and the Titans. Zeus won, and the Titans were imprisoned in Tartarus, a cave in the deepest part of the underworld.

Coeus – Phoebe – Coeus was a titan of Intelligence, the father of Leto, husband of Phoebe

Oceanus – Tethys – the personification of the vast ocean. With his wife Tethys, they produced the rivers and six thousand children Oceanides called. He ruled over the ocean, a great river encircling the earth, which we thought was a flat circle. The nymphs of this great river, Oceanides, their daughters, and the gods of all the rivers on earth were their son.

Hestia – Virgin goddess of hearth. It was symbolic of the house around which a newborn was carried out before being received into the family. Even if it appears in very few myths, most cities have a common home where her sacred fire burned.

Hades – He was the lord of the underworld, ruler of the dead. He is a greedy god is very concerned about increasing his subjects. Those whose calling increase the number of dead were seen favorably by him. He was also the god of wealth because of the precious metals mined from the earth. His wife was Persephone that Hades abducted. The underworld itself was often called Hades. It was divided into two regions: Erebus, where the dead once they die, and Tartarus, the deeper region where the Titans were imprisoned. It was a dark and miserable, inhabited by vague forms and shadows and guarded by Cerberus, the three heads of families, dog dragon’s tail. Sinister rivers separated the underworld from the world and the old ferryman Charon transported the souls of the dead in these waters.

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Poseidon – god of the sea. Trident is a weapon that could shake the earth and destroy any object. He was second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. Beneath the ocean, was a brilliant golden palace. Poseidon was the husband of a Nereid Amphitrite, with whom he had a son, Triton. Poseidon had numerous other love stories. At one point, he wanted to Demeter. You can put it to Demeter asked him to make the animal more beautiful than the world had ever seen. To impress her, Poseidon created the first horse. In some accounts his first attempts were unsucessful and created a number of other animals in his research. At a time when the horse was created his passion for Demeter had cooled.

Zeus – Hera – The god of heaven and ruler of the Olympian gods. He displaced his father and became chief of the gods of Olympus. Zeus was considered the father of gods and mortals. That does not create gods or death, he was her father in the sense of being the protector and ruler both of the Olympic family and the human race. His weapon was a thunderbolt. His breastplate was the aegis, his bird the eagle, his tree the oak. He was married to Hera, but is famous for his many affairs, which led to many kids know and probably many more that are not known to be. Athena was his favorite child. He wore only his head. One of the biggest festivals of Zeus was the Olympics. They were held in Olympia every four years. Even if there was a war between the city states of Greece were to stop the war to take part in this game.

Hera’s marriage was founded in conflict with Zeus and continued in the war. Writers represented Hera as always jealous of Zeus’s many lovers. It punishes rivals and their children, among both goddesses and mortals, with implacable fury. The peacock (symbol of pride, a carriage pulled by peacocks) and cow (which was also known as Bopis, which means “cow-eyed”, which was later translated as “with big eyes” were her sacred animals . Her favorite city is Argos.

 

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Greek Gods, Hephaestus

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Hephaestus, hephaestus symbol, pictures of hephaestus, hephaestus myths, hephaestus stories, hephaestus family tree, hephaestus pronunciation

Hephaestus, god of fire, especially the blacksmith’s fire, was the patron of all craftsmen, principally those working with metals. He was worshiped mainly in Athens, but also in manufacturing centers. He was the god of volcanoes. Later, the fire has represented the blacksmith’s furnace. Hephaestus was associated with Mount Etna, located on the island of Sicily. Known as the lame god Hephaestus was born weak and paralyzed. Angered by the sight of her son, Hera threw Hephaestus from Olympus, and plunged into a whole day before landing in the sea nymphs saved him and took him to Lemnos, where the inhabitants of the island cared for him. But other versions say Zeus threw him from Olympus after Hephaestus had sided with his mother in a scuffle. The legend says that Hephaestus fell for nine days and nine nights, and it landed on the island of Lemnos. It was on Lemnos where he built his palace and forges under a volcano.

You can get revenge against the refusal of Hera, Hephaistos created a magical throne which was presented to her on Mount Olympus. When he sat on the throne, will trap him, so his prisoner. Olympian gods Hephaestus asked to return to the celestial domain, such as the release of Hera, but he refused. Dionysus gave the smith god of wine, and when Hephaestus was intoxicated, Dionysus took him back to Mount Olympus slumped over the back of a mule. This scene was a favorite of Greek art. Hephaestus released Hera after receiving a beautiful Aphrodite his wife. Dionysus was rewarded with an Olympic-Pantheon.

Hephaestus is known as the son of Zeus and Hera, Zeus, though he had nothing to do with perception. Hephaestus was the parthenogenesis, in the sense that it was conceived without male fertilization. Hera was jealous of Zeus, after having had an affair with Metis, from which the goddess of prudence was pregnant with Athena. However, Gaia had warned Zeus that Metis would have a daughter, whose son would overthrow him. To avoid this, Zeus swallowed Metis, so that he could do to a baby through the birth itself, although Zeus could not have created in a natural way. Retribution Hera produced (parthenogeny) Hephaestus, and legend says that Hephaestus split Zeus’s head with an ax, which Athena appeared fully armed.

A legend says that Hephaestus wanted to marry including Athena, who was also a patron of smiths, but she refused because she was ugly. Another legend says that Athena disappeared from their marriage bed but Hephaestus did not see it disappear, and spread his seed on the ground. In a similar version the semen fell from Athena’s thigh and it was produced Erechtheus, who became a king of Athens. (This relates to Erechtheus being the son of Gaia, the Earth.)

In some versions Aphrodite was the wife of Hephaestus, and it was suspected that Aphrodite had been committing adultery. Caught her being unfaithful he fashioned an extraordinary network of chain link, so beautiful and strong that nobody can escape. Then one day he surprised Aphrodite and the war god Ares, as well as read. He threw his magic net over and dragged them before the gods of Olympus, and exposed as they were naked and wrapped in each other’s arms. Hephaestus asked the assembled gods only revenge, but the exact opposite. The gods burst out laughing when they see naked lovers, after which he gave a couple to go free. According to Homer’s Iliad Hephaestus had a wife named Aglaea, who was one of Charites (vertical).

Being a great craftsman Hephaestus manufactured wonderful articles from various materials, mainly metal. With the help of the Cyclopes, who were his workers and assistants, he fashioned the lightning of Zeus and his scepter. Made weapons and armor for gods and heroes. For Athena, who made his shield or aegis and for the god of love, Eros, he made the arrows. The car’s wonderful that the sun god Helios crossed the sky was made by Hephaestus and in some versions it was a gold cup or mug. She was also the invincible armor of Achilles. Hephaestus helped to create the first woman, with the help of other gods, Zeus had ordered after a new type of man. Register Zeus Prometheus because he and his race of mortals had only included one gender, he was a man, and so Hephaestus formed the first woman from clay. Her name was Pandora (all gifts) and a supernatural jar, she published the world’s ills to mankind.

Hephaestus is usually presented in an animated cripple bent over his anvil. His beard and usually depicted as ugly, and some forms of art that walks on the media. Homer describes Hephaestus as lame and walking with a cane for support. Hepheastus was worshiped mainly in Athens, where the temple of Hephaestus and Athena (Hephaesteum, also known as Theseum) is still valid. It ‘s a perfect example of the temple “Doric” (one of three orders of greek architecture). E ‘was built in 449 BC and situated on a hill near the Agora at the foot of the Acropolis. Hephaestus and Athena Ergani (craft services and patron of craftsmen) had the honor of the festival “Chalceia” Pyanopsion is 30 days. The Romans took Hephaestus as one of their gods, myth and cult to establish their god of fire and calling him Vulcan (Volcanus).

Hephaestus was the great Olympian god of fire, metal, stone cutter and the art of sculpture. E ‘was generally described as a bearded man holding a hammer and pliers – locksmith tools – and riding a donkey.

Some of the biggest myths in which the god include: -

  • His downfall of Olympus, where he was shot at birth by Hera;
  • Catch of Hera in a cursed throne, and his return to Olympos;
  • Adultery with his wife, Aphrodite, Ares was trapped in a golden net;
  • The development of Pandora, the first woman on the orders of Zeus;
  • Rape Athena, which led to the conservation of land and the birth of Erikhthonios;
  • The development of the cursed necklace of Harmonia, which condemned their descendants to a cycle of tragedy
  • The Trojan War when he fought the river god Skamandros with fire;
  • The development of the armor of Achilles, at the request of Thetis, the mother of the hero.

This site contains a total of 12 pages describes Hephaestus, including general descriptions of the god, its mythology and worship. The content of the pages are presented below. Quotes for these pages always be established (see the bottom of this page is a project of the State).