The greek god Hermes was the son of Zeus (before he married Hera), and the nymph Maia (daughter of the Titan Atlas). He was the god of shepherds, travelers, merchants and thieves also, and was also the role Herald (messenger) of the gods. His Roman name was Mercury.
The baby was born this morning in a cave on Mount Cyllene. Tired after birth, the mother, the rack, and then fell asleep. But the naughty child was released from the cradle, and went to Pieria, where Apollo grazing herds. He stole them and drove home, but was smart enough to do some walking backwards in order to cover your tracks. On the way home, he also found a turtle that has killed and the courage to clean it, then took with him.
Upon returning home, two cows sacrificed to the gods of Olympus. He took the intestines of slaughtered cows and placed in the empty shell of a turtle, for inventing the first lyre. He had nine agreements to honor the nine muses (no doubt won the favor of other gods).
Having achieved all this in the morning, poor girl was tired, so he returned to his hometown, where he fell asleep.
When Apollo discovered the cows had been stolen, he was very angry. He managed to find a child god Hermes and told her mother that her son had done. Maia, very surprised, he told me to look and see as the cradle of the little “angel” was sleeping. How could he be blamed for things that an innocent child? Apollo does not know how to prove that he was right, but then he saw the emblem, which is made from the intestines of cows, and it was a confirmation of the theft.
Thus, the greek god Hermes child was brought before Zeus (I suspect that the older brother was a bit ‘jealous of a baby). Zeus, who has seen it all and told me to livestock Apollo (but I also believe that he was very proud of his heart that his son had done little – so little, but so smart)
But Hermes began to play the lyre and Apollo was enchanted by this music, he decided to let Hermes keep the cattle in exchange for the lyre (which later became one of the attributes of Apollo).
Small Hermes could not live without music, he invented Syrinx (pan flute), as Apollo suffer too, so he gave Hermes his golden scepter, kerykeion called in Greek, known as the Roman caduceus.
The greek god Hermes, attributes the winged cap the passenger, the rod with two snakes and a winged sandals. He was represented at the athletic young man.