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Nike, Goddess of Victory

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nike, Nicé, Greek mythology, mythology, Goddess Of Victory

Nike (or Nicé) was the winged goddess or spirit (daimon) of victory, both in struggle and peaceful competitors. When Zeus was gathering allies at the start of the Titan War, Styx brought her four children, Nike (Victory), Zelos (Rivalry), Kratos (Strength) and Bia (Force) into the service of the god.

Nike was appointed his charioteer, and all four were appointed as sentinels standing beside the throne of the god. Beyond this Nike never acquired any distinctive mythology of her own.

Nike was represented in ancient Greek vase protecting with a variety of attributes incorporating a wreath or sash to overhead a victor, an oinochoe and phiale (bowl and cup) for libations, a thymiaterion (incense burner), an altar, and a lyre for the celebration of victory in song.

In scenarios of the Gigantomachia (War of the Giants) she often happens driving the chariot of Zeus.

In variety art and money Nike isoften shown positioning a palm department as a icon of victory.

Nike was closely acknowledged with the goddess Athena, sometimes becoming merely as an capability of the goddess. Occasionally the goddess was pluralised into Nikai.

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Athena, Goddess of Intelligence

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Athena, Athene Greek goddess, Goddess of Intelligence, Greek mythology, mythology

Athena virtually only had one mother or father, her father Zeus, from whose head she was born. Zeus sustained a horrible head ache when Hephaistos hit him over the head with a sledgehammer and opened up his scull. Out came the full-grown Athena in full armour with a cry of war.She was generally called Pallas Athena or Parthenos, virgin, being a virgin goddess. Greece’s capital Athens and the temple Parthenon were both dedicated to and named after her. Interestingly, when Greece became Christian the Parthenon was in stead transformed into the church of yet another Virgin: Mary, mother of Jesus. The most important special event of Athens was the Panathenea, concentrated to the goddess and held every four years. According to myth, Athena had earned the title of patron goddess of Athens after a competitors against Poseidon, who also wanted the city. Poseidon gave the Athenians a well, but it was useless since its water was from the sea. Athena then gave the people the first olivetree, a much more useful gift. This made her the winner. On the Acropolis there was formerly a wooden statue of Athena, a xoanon, that was dressed up by the women of the town.

According to legend, there was also an olive tree there, as well as a salty well. When the Persians burned down the tree in 480BC it had grown a foot the very next day.She was the goddess of war, but not in the same way as Ares. Also being the goddess of wisdom, she was the patron of tactics and strategic war. She also secured the cities, sectors, agriculture, spinning and weaving as well as the arts and the projects. Athena had also given much to humanity: the plough, the flute, the wagon, shipbuilding, animaltaming and shoemaking.

In a way, she can be acknowledged with having supplied Man with all the knowledge needed for the foundation of a civilization.She was always depicted in military armour, and on her breast plate was the face of the Gorgon Medusa since Perseus had offered her head after killing the monster. The owl was the animal that symbolis-ed her and the Acropolis was said to be full of owls in historical Athens. The Roman equivalent to Athena was Minerva.

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