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Titans and myths of Ancient Greece

6:46 am

Titans and Greek Gods

Titans, myths of Ancient Greece, mythological goddess, theia goddess, greek mythology, Prometheus

Hesiod claimed, the word Titan means “Strainer”, because they strained and performed some presumptuous, fearful deed and the vengeance would come after it. Where the Olympians lived in Olympus, the home of the Titans was Othrys, their stronghold.

The exact number of the Titans varied from author to author, and they often included some of the children of the Titans. So there are at least two generations of Titans can be considered.

For a generation, the Titans shared the world and created mankind, with Cronus as their leader. Although a number of the male Titans were imprisoned in Tartarus, when they chose to fight a war against the younger gods, known as the Olympians.

According to the Orphic myth, Zeus destroyed the Titans with his thunderbolts, because the Titans had murdered and devoured his son Zagreus (Dionysus). From the smouldering ashes, mankind were created.

Much of what we know about the Titans is because of Hesiods’ Theogony.

The twelve Titans were the children of Uranus and Gaea.

There were 12 Uranides, six sons and six daughters:

Cronus – God of Eternal Time and King of the Titans, until overthrown by his own son Zeus.

(Okeanos) Oceanus – God of the fresh water rivers that bound the earth; including wells, springs, river and rain. Husband of Tethys, a nurse that claimed to have distributed the water to the earth. The Oldest of the twelve Titans

Iapetus – Son of Uranus and Gaea. He married the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Iapetus was the father of the Titans, Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimetheus. Some say that Iapetus married his own sister Themis, and became the father of Prometheus

Hyperion – God of the Sun, sometimes referred to as ‘Helios Hyperion’ Sun High one.

Crius – Married his half-sister Eurybia, daughter of Gaea and Pontus, and became father of Perses, Pallas and Astraeus.

Titans

titans, titanes, monsters, Hyperion, Tartarus, god and goddesses, mythology, prometheus

Coeus – God of intellect. He married his sister Phoebe, became the father of Leto and Asteria.

Rhea – Titaness and earth-goddess. According to Diodorus Siculus, Rhea was also known as Pandora. She married her brother, Cronus and was the mother of Olympians: Hestia, Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hera and Zeus. When it was prophesied that her children would overthrow her brother/husband, Cronus, he took steps to prevent it.

Tethys – Titaness of the sea. She married her brother, Oceanus. She became the mother of all the river gods. She is said to have bore three thousand daughters, known as the Oceanids. The eldest daughter being Styx, who was the only female river goddess; while Amphitrite, who married Poseidon, and Doris, who married Nereus, became sea goddesses.

Theia – Titaness of sorcery. She was sometimes called, EuryphaEssa (Eurtphaessa). Theia was the goddess of light. She married her brother Hyperion, and was the mother of Eos (“Dawn”), Helius (“Sun”), and Selene (“Moon”). By her other brother Oceanus, she was mother of the Cercopes.

Phoebe – Titaness of the Moon, married her brother Coeus (Coeus). Phoebe became the mother of Leto and Asteria, so Phoebe was the grandmother of Apollo, Artemis and Hecate.

 

Titans, myths of Ancient Greece

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Themis – Titaness of justice and Earth-goddess. Later she became known as the goddess of order and justice. Themis was the second wife of Zeus. Themis became the mother of many children, including the Seasons (Horae) – Eunomia (“Order”), Dike (“Justice”) and Eirene (“Peace”) – and the Fates (Moerae).

Mnemosyne – Titaness of memory. Mnemosyne (“Memory”) was the daughter of Uranus and Gaea. She was the abstract personification of memory. In Roman myths, she was called Moneta.

By Zeus, she was the mother of nine daughters, known as the Muses. Zeus had slept with Mnemosyne for nine nights, and one year later, she gave birth to the nine wondrous daughters. Mnemosyne had named them as Cleio, Euterpe, Thaleia, Melpomene, Terpischore, Erato, Polyhymnia, Urania and Calliope being her eldest daughter.

Dione – An obscure goddess, as it was not certain whether she was either Titaness or Oceanid. Most commonly thought to be the goddess of the sea. She was also known as Thalassa, who was a sea deity. Thalassa was also beleived to the wife of the ancient sea god, Pontus.

Second Generation Titans ( Iapetionides )

Atlas – Atlas was the son of the Titan Iapetus by the Oceanid Clymene or Asia. Brother of Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimetheus. When his brother, Prometheus tried to persuade him not to go to war against the Olympians, he did not listen. Zeus punished Atlas, by making the Titan carry the weight of the sky upon his shoulders.

Prometheus – Titan of forethought. Son of the Titan Iapetus and by Iapetus’ sister Themis or by Clymene or Asia. Both were Oceanids. Prometheus was the brother of Atlas, Menoetius and Epimetheus.

Prometheus married Pronoea and was the father of Deucalion. During the war between the Titans and Olympians, Prometheus sided with Zeus, knowing that the war would end with the younger gods winning the war.

Prometheus unsuccessfully tried to persuade his father Iapetus and his brother Atlas to change side. Iapetus was thrown into Tartarus, while Atlas would be forever burdened with the weight of heaven on his shoulder.

Epimetheus – Titan of afterthought. Epimetheus ( Afterthought ) was the son of the Titan Iapetus by the Oceanid Clymene or Asia. Brother of Prometheus, Menoetius and Atlas. Epimetheus married the first mortal woman Pandora and was the father of Pyrrha.

Menoetius: Son of Iapetus and Oceanid Clymene or Asia.Brother of Atlas, Prometheus and Epimetheus.

Titanes, Titans of ancien greece

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According to mythological legends of the history of the creation of the world starts from four categories in the whole world, which have names: matter, energy, space, time. That is, Gaia (matter) was one of four initial possibilities also Chaos, Tartarus, Eros are.

As an initial potential Gaia means the presence of the structure, chaos means an absence of structure, the Tatars means destruction, Eros means structuring. These are the basic principles of a world that is incorporated into the framework of Gaia and have formed a formal question at the same time can be chaotic, and is also capable of creating or able to be collapsed. This is the initial list of possibilities have formed a cross raw material shown in the figure:

The Gaia has connected four initial potential and trained Uranus (energy), and with the help of Uranus has formed six male Titans: Oceanus, Coeus, I breed, Hyperion, Iapetus, Cronus and the titans of six women:

Tethys Phoebe, Mnemosyne, Theia, Themis, Rea, who have made a world of material and energy, shown in the figure below. That is, men and women have formed the structure titans of the world, and essentially formed a circle that symbolizes the astrological structure of the world, but on condition that the astrological circle corresponds to the zodiacal constellations (zodiac signs) and mythological essence the Titans, but others also correspond to the zodiacal constellations.

parities of the Titans shows signs of the zodiac are presumed but are based on mythological sources, ie, characters from Greek mythology correlate with the characters of the zodiac signs, which are known in modern astrology. Zodiac signs are of Egyptian origin, but are comparable to the characters of Greek mythology as ancient Egypt and ancient Greece are between cultures.

The arrows in the figure shows the marital relationships of the Titans. The symbols of the planets near the names of the astrological planets Titans specify operating or if the astrological signs of the zodiac.

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Greek Gods, Porus(Poros)

12:57 am

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Porus(or Poros) was the spirit of expediency, the means of accomplishing or providing, contrivance and device. His opposite number was Aporia.In the cosmogony of Alcman Porosand Thetis were the first-born gods of creation. Here Poros is the same as Khronos.Plato, Symposium 178 :

“On the birthday of Aphrodite there is a feast on the gods, where the god Poros , that is the son of Metis (Wisdom), was one of the guests. İf your feast was over, Penia, because manner is on such occasions, came about the doors to beg. Now Poros who was the worse for nectar , went into the garden of Zeus and fell right heavy sleep, and Penia considering her own straitened circumstances, plotted to have a child by him, and accordingly she lay down at his side and conceived Eros , who partly while he is naturally an exponent on the beautiful, and because Aphrodite is herself beautiful, and also because he was born on her behalf birthday, is her follower and attendant. So that as his parentage is, so also are his fortunes. In the initial place he is always poor, and not tender and fair, because the many imagine him; and he is rough and squalid, and it has no shoes, nor a home to dwell in; on the bare earth exposed he lies under the open heaven, in-the streets, or at the doors of houses, taking his rest; and like his mother he’s always in distress. Like his father too, whom he also partly resembles, he’s always plotting against the fair and good; he’s bold, enterprising, strong, a extremely hunter, often weaving some intrigue or another, keen while in the quest for wisdom, imaginatif in resources; a négocier constantly, terrible as an enchanter, sorcerer, sophist.”