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Greek Mythology

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Ancient Greek Mythology

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Greek Mythology

Greek mythology,body of testimonies in regards to the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks. That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, like the philosopher Plato in the 5th-4th centuries bc. In general, however, in the popular piety of the Greeks, the myths were considered true accounts. Greek mythology has consequently had extensive influence on the humanities and literature of Western civilization, which fell heir to much of Greek culture.

This guide is designed to help you find details about Greek mythology and mythological characters using the Internet and/or your local public library.This section provides information about the twelve main gods of the Greek Mythology.

After the Titanomachy between your gods of new and older generation for that rule around the globe, Gods chose Mount Olympus as their residence, the highest mountain in Greece. Zeus was their leader and Hera was his sister-wife. The twelve Olympian Gods actually contains Zeus and his siblings, as well as some children of Zeus who have been born later. People gave the gods unique domains of rule and also credited them human qualities.

zeus history

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Zeus, was the god of the world and the sky. His symbols were the thunderbolt, the eagle, the bull and the oak. Although he was married to Hera, his elder sister, he would frequently cheat on her with many mortal women. Other goddesses and nymphs. He is portrayed in statues and paintings as a middle-aged man seating on his throne or tossing a thunderbolt.

Hera, was the queen of the Gods. Pictured as a middle-aged still charming woman, Hera was the protector of women and marriage. She was jealous in character and when she knew a good infidelity of Zeus, his mistress might suffer a great deal. The peacock was her symbol.According to the myth, Hera seemed to be the protector from the Amazons.

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Poseidon, the god of the sea and the earthquakes, was much adored in ancient Greece. As numerous cities had a strong naval power, Poseidon was the protector of these cities. He usually mated with nymphs from the water coupled with many children. His symbols were the trident, the dolphin, the fish and the horse. He was seen as old man riding his horse-carriage from the waves.

Hades, another brother of Zeus, was the ruler from the Underworld, the world of the dead. The traditional people depicted him being an old man with white hair and beard. His kingdom was discovered under the earth. Using a trick, this old man married an attractive young girl, Persephone, daughter of goddess Demeter.

Hestia , was the goddess of the hearth and also the household. She was the noblest and most lovable goddesses for that ancient Greeks and she or he symbolized harmony in the household and the city. Every household and public building in ancient Greece had an altar dedicated to Hestia in the middle of your room that burnt all day and night. Hestia never was married or had children. Not being able to bear the constant quarrels between the gods, Hestia left Olympus and visited live somewhere quieter, giving her place to Dionysus.

Aphrodite history

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Aphrodite, was the goddess of beauty. She was forever beautiful and young. Shallow in nature, Aphrodite provides extensive affairs with mortals. Her son was Cupid, the familiar young boy with wings who played with his arrows and made people fall madly in love. Aphrodite wasn’t any directly connected to Zeus. She was probably an era older than another Olympian Gods. The myth says that they was born out of the foam of the sea either near Paphos Cyrpus or near Kythira island.
Demeter was the goddess of grain and fertility. She maintained the circle of life on earth (the circle of old and young, life and death), alternating the seasons and reviving nature in spring. She’s depicted in statues holding a tuft of grain. A very important festival, the Elefsenian Mysteries, occured each year focused on Demeter and her daughter Persephone.

Apollo greek gods

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Apollo, was another famous god, not really a brother but a son of Zeus. Apollo and Artemis were twins that Zeus obtained from Leto, a mortal woman. Apollo was born in Delos, which later became his sacred island. He was the god of music and lightweight, poetry and the arts, medicine, truth and prophecy. Observe that the Oracles in ancient Greece were focused on god Apollo and people thought that god was actually talking with them through the priests. He was pictured like a young, handsome and sensitive man.

Artemis, his twin sister, would be a fierce female. She enjoyed sports and especially hunting. Her emblems were the bow and arrows. She accustomed to hide in the forests with her companions. Wild in nature, Artemis had asked her father not to confine her with marriage and she kept her virginity for all her life. Her female companions also ought to be virgins.

Ares, the god of warfare and violence, was son of Zeus and Hera. He was not a pleasant god in ancient Greece, which is why there are no many temples of Ares. However, people were afraid of his anger and incorporated him within their offerings.

Greek Gods Athena

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Athena, was also a goddess of war, but more of strategic war, not physical violence like Ares. She seemed to be the goddess of wisdom and justice. The daughter of Zeus and a mortal lady, Athena was created from the head of Zeus when her pregnant mom was killed out of Hera’s jealousy. Noble anyway, Athena didn’t complement men and would mostly deal with warfare.

Hermes, the son of Zeus and the daughter of a Titan, was probably the most foxy of all of the Olympian Gods. He was the messenger from the Gods, which is why he knew all their secrets. He was also the guide to the Underworld and also the protector of thieves, shepherds, orators, road travelers and merchants. He wore winged sandals to fly and provide messages quickly.

Aside, from these 12 gods, there are many other deities of less importance, like nymphs, or of later generation,for example Dionysus, the protector of wine, festivals and theatre. Several gods are intended through the mind of Greeks and also have native qualities, while other gods, like Dionysus, have been “imported” by eastern civilizations.

Think about notice would be that the ancient greek gods were gods because of their supernatural powers and eternity, not their character. These were far different from the modern notion of gods. The Olympian Gods were weak anyway and had faults, while they often merged with mortals and caused problems with with their lives. Actually, the traditional Greek gods were duplicates of human characters and culture.

Read More articles and see the pictures about greek gods and greek goddesses:

Athena Goddess

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Athena was the daughter of Zeus and Metis. There was one problem, Metis Zeus checked and found I had a child, that child would be more powerful than himself (you know, the same way, was bigger than his father and his Dad was bigger than his grandfather). So I tricked Metis and came to swallow when she became a fly and I thought it was no longer a threat. However, Metis was pregnant with Athena and Athena was born, this became quite a problem. Soon Zeus was plagued by headaches and murderers ran to Hephaestus (Smith God) and asked him to open his head. Hephaestus did as he said, and sprang Athena, fully developed and ready for battle!

Daughter of Zeus, in support of by him, the Goddess Athena was not generated by any woman. She leaped from the head of Zeus, already adult, dressed with her armor.Although the mother is not completely missing from the miraculous birth of Pallas Athena. According to Hesiod’s account of the weddings of Zeus, the King of the Gods chose Metis as his first wife. She was of all beings “the most knowing” (as the word metis is interpreted), or “of many counsels” as translated in the sense of the Homeric epithet polymetis.
As she was about to give birth to the Goddess Athena, Zeus deceived his pregnant wife with cunning words and assimilated her into his own body. Mother Earth and Father Sky had advised him to do this so as to prevent any of his descendants from robbing him of his kingly rank. For it was destined that the most clever children were to be born to the Goddess Metis: first, the daughter Athena, and later a son, the future King of Gods and men.In the most ancient account, the Iliad, Athena is the Goddess of ferocious and implacable fight, but, wherever she will be able to be located, she only is a warrior to defend the State and the native land against the enemies coming from outside.She is, above all, the Goddess of the City, the protectress of civilized life, of artesian activities, and of agriculture. She also invented the horse-bit, which, the first time, tamed horses, allowing men to use them.She is the favourite daughter of Zeus; and that’s why he let her use his insignia: the terrible shield, the aegis and his devastating weapon, the ray.The most used expression to explain her is “the bright eyed”. She is the first from the three virgin Goddesses, also called Maiden, Parthenos, and because of this name was taken the name to the most significant Temple dedicated to her, the Parthenon.In poetry she actually is the incarnation of Wisdom, Reason and Purity.Athens is her city; the olive tree, created by her, is her tree; the owl, stands out as the birth consecrated to her.

Athena has often helped heroes like Jason and Perseus. He wore an aegis, a goatskin shield which had a fringe of snakes. When Perseus killed the Gorgon Medusa, whose face turned men to stone, he gave the Gorgon’s head to Athena, the goddess placed it on her aegis.

When Hercules went mad and killed his children, Athena stops the disaster from getting worse. Like the hero went mad to kill Amphitryon, Athena threw a stone at Hercules knocked unconscious, while his father was spared lethal. Athena also helped Hercules in many ways during their work. She provided the krotala used to scare birds Stymphalian and went to the apples of the garden of the Hesperides.

Athena The Greek Goddess’s Archetypes

The Warrior:

  • This Archetype is a manifestation of physical durability, additionally, the ability to protect and fight for your rights and those of of others.
  • The cisco kid side of the Warrior reflects the requirement to win at all costs, abandoning ethical principal to prove your supremacy.
  • The Greek Goddess main Archetype is that of the feminine Warrior. This can be highlighted by her role of patron and defender of Athens. She also became involved in the war against the giants and the siege of Troy.

The Teacher/ Inventor:

  • The Teacher and Inventor conveys knowledge, dealings and wisdom.
  • In it’s darkness aspect, the Teacher may adjust and mislead their students by indoctrinating all of them with negative beliefs and nuisible behaviours.
  • In Greek mythology this Goddess will be the guard and consultant of the heroes Hercules, Perseus and Ulysses.
  • As an Inventor this Goddess educates mankind a way to spin and weave, however it is in that role that we see her want regulate her “students” and she or he won’t allow one to exceed her achievements.