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Hittite Sites: Hattusa (Boğazkale) , Turkey

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Hittite Sites, Hattausa, Hattusas ( Bogazkale ) - Turkey

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The study of ancient civilizations is often obscure, and the appreciation of the achievements of those who are represented by us today only they have left behind is often difficult, requiring considerable imagination, even by professional archaeologists, much less the average tourist. A visit to the site of the ancient Hittite capital Hattusa (also spelled Hattusas or Hattusha), however, with its ruined temples and palaces, monumental sculptures and the 6.5 km long circuit of walls built heavily can not stop leave one with the conviction that this city was the birthplace and home of an imperial people. The site is located in the town of Bogazkale (formerly Bogazkoy), established over a terrace and a large rock that rises above the area. Bogazkale Sungurlu is near, northeast of Ankara at a distance of 180 kilometers. Turn right onto the new road just past Corum Sungurlu to get there.

Hattusa History
The ancient Hittite capital extends over, and spills into a deep gorge and rock, looking north on a broad cultivated valley. The knowledge we have about the Hittites has come almost exclusively from written records found in Bogazkale. We know these texts, that in the middle of the second millennium BC, the political and social structure of these people had developed around the person of the king of the Hittites in Bogazkale, and there was administrative in society, religious and military groups. The capital was named the Hattus Hattusa, the name given to the area by the Hatti people who lived there when the Hittites moved in. From the earliest record found in Hittite archives, we know that Hattusa was devastated in the beginning of the century 18 BC by the forces of Kussara Anitta. It is believed that was the largest of the Hittite kings during the time of the city-state. The same document indicates that Anitta put a curse on the city in the sense that “He who shall be king after me, if your resettlement in Hattusa will be beaten by the storm god.” The Hittite people actually return to their capital after the death of Anitta. The entire city has taken on aspects of the Hittite civilization to 1700 BC C.

Main Hittite sites:

  • Hattusa (Bogazkale)
  • Yazilikaya
  • Alacahoyuk
  • Kultepe (Kanesh)
hittitie cities, hattusa Turkey

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Hattusa was the capital of the Hittites, both during the Old Kingdom, which lasted from 1750 to 1450 BC and the period of the Empire, from 1450 to 1180 a. C. I Hantili King is believed to have been responsible for the fortification of the city in early 16 century BC. Kaska people were able to break through this wall of the city early, however, dismiss the capital for nearly a century later, during the reign of King Tudhaliyas III. The fortifications were rebuilt soon, and the city went through several periods of construction. The old city is the party that occupies the area between the Temple and the great citadel known as Bogazkale. The latest section, known as the upper town was built during the Imperial era. The oldest part of the capital is only 400 feet long, mounting to the high citadel. This was the seat of government, and the warehouse for thousands of tablets that make up the actual files, stores long after being partially destroyed by fire. During the imperial era, the former small town was greatly enlarged. In the reign of Suppiluliumas, an incredible string of fortifications was erected on the hill to the south, enclosing an area of over three hundred acres. This was during the 14 th century BC, and was a great feat of engineering skill. The foundations rose to a level based in part, faced with a sloping stone wall. The double wall above this, standing about thirty feet high, was built with big stones.

As many as five temples have been excavated in the capital in Bogazkale. We know relatively little about their religious beliefs, or ceremonies, but the clay tablets from the Hittite archives have revealed that religion was an institution regulated and more complex. We learned a lot of stone reliefs, statues, sutatuettes, vases molded relief, and funeral urns. The priests and priestesses to a sacred area of their own in which he carried out his administrative duties temples. Here there are small statues of gods and goddesses of precious metals and stones, and temples owned large estates in the storage areas that are most religious objects have been discovered. The duties of the high priest, were assumed by the Hittite king for special ceremonies and celebrations, and after the death of the sovereign, to be added to the already long list of Hittite gods. The king was cremated and buried with an elaborate ceremony, but no real tomb has been discovered to date.

Old Hattusa, Alacahoyuk

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A new art form to the Hittites came into wide use during the period of the Empire, the monumental reliefs. We learned a lot about the religion of these people at the beginning of the study of the line of gods and goddesses carved into the walls of the sanctuary Yazilikaya. Reliefs and statues in the form of sphinxes, lions, gods and other ways to decorate the walls and gateways Bogazkale. Much of the work of the Hittite pottery belongs to the period of the Old Assyrian colony, which focused on the area of Kanesh. Besides this, the Hittites developed their own style of pottery he said. There are many examples of vessels decorated with painted figures in relief frieze arranged in horizontal bands, separated by rows of geometric decoration found. These vases and pieces represent scenes of Hittite religion, including special ceremony.

The Hittites were skilled in working with different materials, and examples have been unearthed in Hattusa. Among the findings, are statues of gods and goddesses in ivory, stone, bronze and gold. The style is very similar to that of the reliefs in the capital. And cylinder seals also follow the lines of this art with words and the hieroglyphic signs that make up the decorative effect.

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Turkey Tours

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Ephesus Tour

Day 01: Pleasant you to Istanbul / Turkey

Welcome to magic of Chicken vacation package. Conference our move workforce at airport fatal and moving you to your resort in Sultanahmet. After getting a sleep for a while you will be giving a brief details about your vacation plans.Free a chance to have a shorter perspective of Istanbul , wonder around the old location Sultanahmet, have an plan of Turkish foods, lifestyle and environment at the end of the day immediately keep in your resort (hotel class is decided upon your choose).

Day 02: An incredible regular vacation in an incredible location Istanbul
+ Dinner and meal included
Istanbul Aya Sophia After the breakfast at your resort in Istanbul, our vacation manual will setup a celebration at your reception, and move you to the primary vacation location of Istanbul. You will begin the vacation to this old location , you will be studying many getting in the places regions, potent bazaars, tiny legitimate avenues, old houses from Roma Business, Ottoman Business and Byzantine Business of Istanbul by looking at the following highlights;

  • Glowing Blue Mosque
  • St. Sophia (Aya sofya) Museum
  • Fantastic Topkapi Palace
  • Wilhelm II In german Fountain
  • Famous Hippodrome
  • Theodosius Obelisk
  • Fantastic Covered Bazaar (Kapali Carsi)
  • Lizard Pillar
  • Subterranean cistern of Theodosian

and many more spots of Istanbul.After looking at St. Sophia public and Topkapi Structure our vacation manual will take you to a dining places to have your meal, after you meal comes to an end you will keep your vacation around Istanbul.End of your Istanbul location vacation you will be taken again to your resort pick-up your gear move to Otogar (main bus station) Or Airport (in the day up on your transfer select, if you select to fly you will have immediately keep in Istanbul at this day of your vacation too) by our taxi bus , Leave for EphesusIzmir.

Day 03:Seven magic os Famous world Ephesus
+ Lunch included

Ephesus In the day one of our offering move workforce will setup a celebration at airport fatal or in bus fatal (upon your select of transportation). Our move workforce will take you to our company for putting your gear and meeting our professional vacation manual, where then you will begin your Ephesus vacation you will begin your vacation by looking at Virgin Mary’s House / Shrine (it’s believed that she had spent her last times in this temple), after looking at this spot you will head to Ephesus Famous location which is known for being the richest ancient location and best maintained location of present. After looking at these 2 primary destinations of Ephesus you will have a crack to have your meal , after meal you will proceed your vacation, more of your spots to examine out in your plans are outlined below;

  • Forehead of Hadrian
  • The Odeon
  • The Forehead of Domitian
  • Famous Theater
  • The Feature and Grave of Pollio
  • Celcius Library
  • Forehead of Artemis
  • Agora
  • Bouleterion

At the end of your vacation, you will be taken again to our company (or resort , if you select the type of transfer as flight, you might immediately keep in Ephesus location for this night, then our move workforce will setup a celebration in the day to fly again to Istanbul) move you to bus spot, depart for Istanbul.

Day 04: Back in Istanbul / Free day in Istanbul

As you have an plan of Istanbul now, you will have free day here to examine it on your own, to take shots, to have some tiny products , for looking and many more destinations this location could provide for you, at the end of the day you will be moved again to Airport,Hope you experienced your some time to effort in Chicken.Hope to see you again, have a wonderful fly.

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Cappodacia Tour

Day 01: Conference in Airport to move to resort.

Istanbul Once you appear in Airport of Istanbul, one of our move staff will setup a celebration at manchester foreign fatal with a board your name is written on, where then you will be moved to your resort in the old location of Istanbul referred to as Sultanahmet.You will have a shorter crack at the spot, or you might want to have a move around the location , there are plenty of dining places around your resorts to have your dinner from tiny regional ones to luxury particular ones.overnight remain at your resort.

Day 02: Istanbul regular trips
+ Dinner and meal included

Cappadocia Having your breakfast at your resort, our manual will setup a celebration at the reception of your resort to present you a brief arrival about your trips and then you he until take you to the beginning of regular Istanbul vacation.Your vacation take spots in the old side of Istanbul this day, where you will be looking at Aya Sofya Museum (which used the be the greatest traditional religious, and was one of the earliest religious of European countries is now a museum) also referred to as St. Sophia or E Sophia, after looking at this work of art you will be going to Topkapi Structure that is one of the greatest public of Chicken , when you are done with looking at Topkapi Structure you will have a crack for a meal, our manual will take you to have your Turkish design meal in one of associated dining places.Then you will re-start your vacation , mainly you will be looking at this areas;

  • Topkapi Structure (Topkapi Sarayi)
  • St. Sophia (Aya sofya) Museum
  • Fantastic bazaar (Kapali Carsi)
  • Suleymaniye Mosque (Suleymaniye Camii)

(The spots might be changed upon the weekday you are looking at as some of the ancient monuments or galleries are shut on some specific days)At the end of your vacation, you will be taken again to your resort, then our taxi bus will come to choose you up to take you to primary bus spot end for Cappadocia by immediately non-smoking comfy bus.

Day 03:Cappadocia Location vacation 1
+ Lunch included

Cappadocia Give Hotel In the day you will be moved to your resort after meeting our move workforce at the primary bus spot, once you checked-in your resort, and sleeping for a while our manual will setup a celebration and take you to the middle of spot where your vacation is being started, you will have a brief details about Cappadocia, galleries, underground places, places of worship which are from beginning Religious age, and many more of features of the location for readers.You will be taken to a cafe for a meal quantity of the middle of your vacation, you mainly will be looking at these spots of Cappadocia;

  • Avanos Area (Pottery Area by Kizilirmak River)
  • Goreme Open Air Museum
  • Uchisar Adventure in Uchisar Town
  • Pasabag / Monk’s Valley
  • Devrent Valley

These are the primary websites you will be looking at during your vacation to Cappadocia, you might get in touch with our manual for a riding, waist moving show, or some other actions offered for the readers of Cappadocia, you might also want to have a Cappadocia Device Tour in the day or beginning evening, you can get in touch with us for this particular activity of this location.At the end of your first day vacation in Cappadocia, you will be taken again to your resort , spare some time to immediately remain at your resort.

Day 04: Cappadocia 2. day tour

Again in the day after you regional breakfast at the cave house resort, we arranged for you , our vacation manual will choose you up from your resort and move you to the minibus going to begin to second day vacation of Cappadocia , this day you will mostly be studying the north piece of areas and again you will have a crack for a meal during your trips to the ancient monuments and/or galleries in the are, now you will mainly be looking at these parts;

  • Pigeon Area (Guvercin Vadisi)
  • Increased Valley
  • Ortahisar Area (Ortahisar Castle)
  • Subterranean City in Kaymakli Town
  • Cavusin (An beginning Religious Village)
  • Red Valley

End of your vacation you will be taken again to your resort, sleeping a while, picking up your resort then our workforce will take you to primary bus spot end again to Istanbul.

Day 05: Strolling vacation in Istanbul / Free quantity of Istanbul

We will setup a celebration at the bus spot to move you again to your resort in Istanbul,once you tested again in your resort, you will have your own spare a chance to examine even more out of this wonderful location,you might want to examine out Bosphorus Fill, Wonderful Horn, New Area (Taksim Square) , Liven (Egyptian) Market and a large number of other spots of the cityat the end of day we will take you again to AirportHave a safe fly,Hope to see you again in Chicken.

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Pamukkale Vacation

Day 01: Pleasant people in Istanbul for the trips in Pamukkale.

Istanbul location trips Upon returning in foreign airport fatal to Istanbul – Chicken, our skilled take a trip move workforce will setup a celebration with your name you offered during your booking process. Taking your gear and other components to our comfy motors to generate into down-town Sultanahmet location of Istanbul which is also know as the old location or old piece of Istanbul.After a shorter generate to location along the beach quickly you will be returning in your recommended resort ,once you tested into your resort you will have a chance to take shower, fresh up and have some sleep. Our vacation employees provides you with some brief details about your vacation program, about the location and other necessary issues to reduce your know-how up for your trips in TurkeyThis day of your vacation you will have a free of charge day vacation in Istanbul location , and again our take a trip agent provides you with some guidelines about where to go, what to eat, what to see in Istanbul on your own. Overnight keep in your hotel

Day 02: Beginning your first trips in Istanbul
+ Dinner and meal included

trips in Istanbul Having your breakfast at your resort, our manual will setup a celebration at the reception of your resort to present you a brief arrival about your trips and then you he until take you to the beginning of regular Istanbul vacation.In the day after your Turkish-style breakfast at the spot, our manual will setup a celebration in the reception, and will take you to bus, or a move (depends on how far your resort from the getting in the places regions of vacation concept) after a shorter trip you will be in the meeting spot of your first location. Your manual will first take you to Hippodrome location (which was the location middle of Constantinople during Roman Business Age) , then your manual provides you with a brief arrival and details about the features , and the location you are going to examine out which are outlined below;

  • Topkapi Museum – Topkapi Palace
  • Hippodrome
  • Wilhelm II In german Feature (in Hippodrome area)
  • Lizard Pillar
  • Glowing blue Mosque
  • Obelisk

Upon finish your vacation , our vacation manual will take you and move you again to your resort, as you have more know-how of the location now you might try to examine it a little more on your own, you will have guidelines from our trips employees and take a trip services section , end of your vacation you will be moved to primary bus Station for an immediately bus to Pamukkale.

Day 03: Pamukkale tour
+ Lunch included

Pamukkale trips Pleasant you to begin your Pamukkale trips on this day of your holidays in Chicken.Once you arrive at the bus spot our move workforce will setup a celebration at the spot and move you to our take a trip side in Pamukkale where you can leave your things and invigorate before you begin your vacation in this beautiful and beautiful town.Our manual will take you to examine out the cotton coves of Pamukkale that’s a beauty of characteristics for over hundreds of years that are actually limestones.You will have chance to have a hot spa in the location in one of the resorts.Watching dark in Pamukkale is one of the most favorite issues among the readers.After your vacation ends you will be moved again to our company and generate you to primary bus areas, where then you will take immediately bus again to Istanbul.During your trip to Pamukkale mainly you will be looking at these highlights;

You will have a crack for a meal in the location with traditional Turkish meals.

Day 04: Welcome again to Istanbul

In the day you will be moved from primary bus spot to Sultanahmet location to your resort. Looking at into your resort and getting sleep for a while you will have a free of charge day in Istanbul you might want to spend of this day by studying other sides of Istanbul, or by looking for some products from Chicken to your associates / family.When your vacation finish in Chicken you will be moved again to Airport by our move deparmentHave a wonderful fly, we are always welcoming our clients for a wonderful vacation in Chicken every use of the Split.

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Istanbul Tour

Day 01: Welcome to have your leaving holidays in Chicken..

Istanbul St Sophia As soon as your appear in manchester foreign fatal ,our move workforce will be there awaiting you to move you to your resorts in Sultanahmet location.You will be given a brief details about your family vacation programs in Chicken and our move workforce will help you to examine into your resort at the location specified.After you examine in and sleeping for a while you might want to take a look around the location , try some delightful Turkish meals in one of the location near by your resort and some other self-guided actions. At the end of the day you will have immediately remain at the Hotel.


Day 02: Istanbul location trips 1 to Famous websites.

+ Dinner and meal included

Istanbul location vacation In the day you will have your breakfast at your resort , and our vacation manual will setup a celebration in your resort’s reception once you are ready you will begin your first regular trips in Istanbul with our qualified vacation manual.On this day of your trips you will mainly be looking at the primary historical websites of Istanbul, where you are going to see the disciplines of Ottoman Business, Byzantine Time, Roman Business some time to any other historical , ancient damages, houses, components and disciplines that are left in the galleries, or in the location itself.You will have a trips to these places today;

  • Hippodrome Area
  • Topkapi Structure (Topkapi Sarayi)
  • St. Sophia (Aya sofya) Museum
  • Obelisk stone
  • Fantastic bazaar (Kapali Carsi)
  • Suleymaniye Mosque (Suleymaniye Camii)

When you are half way of your vacation, your manual will take you for a meal, you will have your meal in one of the dining places around the touristic places spots with your manual again, after finish your meal you will proceed your trips to the looking at spots outlined above. When you are done doing your getting in the places in this day of your program, you will be moved again to your resort and immediately in the spot.

Day 03: Istanbul regular trips to Bosphorus by family vacation.
+ Lunch included

Istanbul regular drains Again in the day after your breakfast at the spot, you will match your vacation manual and you will have a shorter generate to Eminonue Have and to Wonderful Horn to take the family trip to Bosphorus are of Istanbul, where you can see the two areas holds each other by Fatih Sultan Mehmet Fill in the location, you will be passing under this bridge, and you will have an excellent perspective of Istanbul itself.You will see Dolmabahce Structure, Ortakoy Spot, Camlica, Rumeli Adventure and many other old websites of Istanbul along the way. The spots you are going to examine out and see are outlined below;

  • City Wall space of Istanbul
  • Halic – Wonderful Horn
  • Silk / Liven Bazaar (Misir Carsisi)
  • Camlica Hill
  • Adventure of Rumeli

Breakfast and meal are offered in this day of your family vacation as well. Your manual will take you to a wonderful Turkish design designed dining places to have your meal.After your vacation comes to an end you will be moved again to your resort. and immediately keep in the spot.

Day 04: Free day in Istanbul

IstanbulAs you have seen the primary touristic websites of Istanbul you should have some plan about the location, but you will also realize when you get here that Istanbul is bigger than to fit in a few times , however you will have a good perspective and getting in the places by the holidays and family vacation programs prepared by our skilled vacation employees in Chicken.Today is your free day in Istanbul you can do a walking vacation, or you might want to go some of those unique bazaars of Istanbul to have some tiny gifts for your dearest ones or associates.at the end of your vacation you might should increase your keep in your resort, or you might want to be moved again to airport fatal, either way we will be here to serve you A week 24 hours.Thank you for choosing us,Hope to welcome you once again in Chicken, please note this country has a lot to see.