Istanbul Tours

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istanbul tours, Istanbul Tours

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Expansion of the Greek colony of Byzantium by order of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus and Constantine the Great, after him the imperial city of Constantinople was almost a thousand years, the last outpost of the (later known as the Eastern Roman or Byzantine) Roman Empire, before finally conquered by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, May 29, 1453, an event often taken to mean the end of the Middle Ages. It ‘been a nerve center for military campaigns, which were dramatically enlarge the Ottoman Empire. By mid 1500, in Istanbul, which has a population of nearly half a million, has been an important cultural, political and commercial. Ottoman rule continued until World War II to lose, and Istanbul was occupied by the Allies. When the Turkish Republic was founded in 1923, when the War of Independence, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey moved to the capital Ankara.

But Istanbul has continued to dramatically today, with a population of about 18 million and will grow by about 700 000 immigrants a year. The industry has grown, tourism is growing. It ‘still a city that creates its own history at the intersection, where two continents meet.

Byzantine churches, Ottoman legacy, and other special tours are available upon request in Istanbul. In fact, we can help you plan your visit to the city of Istanbul, which would suit your personal interest. If you attend full day tours Istanbul, will also show the Dolmabahce Palace, Beylerbeyi Palace, the Pierre Loti Hill, Camlica Hill. Istanbul Tour offers many fine museums, ancient churches, palaces, great mosques, bazaars, and the only Bogazi Istanbul (Bosphorus).

Experience a never-before-seen in Istanbul tour with unforgettable experiences Haghia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Bosphorus, Grand Bazaar and many more.

Our well-organized visits guaranteed departure every day at work throughout the year. Pick-up and drop-off from your hotel (need to be in the center, on the European side) and spring (Sali Pazari, Karakoy) for cruise customers.

Istanbul is alwways was one of the most important center of attraction for tourists, whether in history or character of the Bosphorus, St. Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Underground Cistern, Blue Mosque, Hippodrome, German Fountain, Rumeli Fortress, obelisks, the Grand Bazaar, Market Spice, Galata Tower, Istiklal Street, Pera district, Dolmabahce Palace, Beylerbeyi Palace, the Walss city, the Golden Horn, the Chora Church Tower and Virgin.

Hagia Sophia, one of the greatest marvels of architecture constructed as a basilica in the sixth century by Emperor Justinian. He was appointed as the eighth wonder of the world by historians.

Blue Mosque, facing Hagia Sophia is famous for its blue Iznik tiles and unique six minarets, was built between 1609 and 1616 in the name of Sultan Ahmet 1 Sedefkar Mehmet Aga, who was one of Sinan, the actual output ; ‘s apprentices.

Blue Mosque: above the 17 th century, an architectural masterpiece of the famous beautiful blue tiles and six minarets elegant.

The Hippodrome, the center of sports (chariot races, athletics) events and political activities of the old city was conducted. Egyptian Obelisk, the Serpentine Column, the Column of Constantine and the German Fountain of Wilhelm II are the monuments decorating Hippodrome.

Grand Bazaar, most attractive shopping center and biggest “souk” in the world with nearly 4,000 shops with antiques, jewelry, gold, carpets, leather goods and souvenirs.

Topkapi Palace, the imperial residence of Ottoman sultans, the maze of buildings that was the focus of the Ottoman Empire between the ages of 15 and 19. In this sumptuous surroundings the sultans and their court lived and governed. A magnificent wooded garden fills the outer, or first, court. In the second court, the right shade of bananas and Cypre, are the palace kitchens, which now serve as galleries exhibiting the imperial collections of crystal, silver and china. Today the third court has the courtroom, the library of Ahmet III, an exhibition of imperial costumes worn by the sultans and their families, the famous jewels of the treasury and a priceless collection of miniatures medieval manuscripts. The center of the inner sanctuary, the Prophet Muhammet (SAV) brought to Istanbul when the Ottomans assumed the caliphate of Islam.

Suleymaniye Mosque, masterpiece of Sinan, built between 1550 and 1557, is one of the best works of the Ottoman Empire, built in the name of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century, considered the best among the imperial mosques.

Bosphorus

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bosphorus, Bosphorus

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Among the world’s most strategic waterways, Bosphorus may be the strait relating to the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara; it is an inundated valley that comes after an unusual northeast-southwest course 32 km (20 miles) long, 730-3300 meters (800-3600 yards) wide, 30-120 m (100-395ft) deep.

Bosphorus comes from a Tracian word of unknown origin, construed in Greek as indicating “Ford with the Cow”, in the legend of Io, among the numerous lovers of Zeus, who swam over the sea here as a cow chased and constantly disturbed by flies sent by Hera.
Known in Turkish as Bogazici (the Strait), it links the Black Sea with all the Sea of Marmara and, with the Dardanelles (in Canakkale), separates Europe from Asia. It is a former river valley that was drowned by the sea after the Tertiary period. This can be a very busy strait with lots of ships and oil tankers, in addition to local fishing and passenger boats.

The current flows north to south; however, a strong subsurface countercurrent with plenty of points and coves sets up swirls and eddies which make navigation dangerous towards the unskilled.

There are two suspension toll bridges about this Strait: The first over the Bosphorus between Beylerbeyi and Ortaköy, opened in 1973, is called as Bogazici Bridge, 1074m (1175yards) long, 6 lanes, 165m (540ft) height of piers. The second one between Anadolu Hisari and Rumeli Hisari, opened in 1988, is known as as Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, 1090 m (1192yd) long, 8 lanes, 65m from the water.

Using the shores rising to heights as much as 200 m (650ft), lined with palaces, ruins, villages, and gardens, this is probably the most beautiful stretches of scenery in Turkey. The best way of seeing the Bosphorus in most its beauty is to vacation on one of the coastal boats, in this way you can also admire most of the old Ottoman wooden houses (known as Yali in Turkish). You may also remain in some of the best hotels or eat in certain of the very best dining places along its coast line during your stay in this magnificent city.

Some of the fascinating palaces, structures or neighborhoods on the Bosphorus are: Galata tower, Dolmabahce Palace, Ciragan Palace, Yildiz Palace, Besiktas, Ortaköy, Arnavutköy, Bebek, Rumeli Fortress, Tarabya, Yeniköy, Istinye, Sariyer, Uskudar (Scutari), Kanlica, Beykoz, Anatolian Fortress, Beylerbeyi Palace and Kuleli Military High school.

The Bosphorus is the 32 kilometres (20-mi)-long strait which joins the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea in Istanbul, and separates the continents of Asia and europe.

It’s great for a half-day cruise north toward the Black Sea. You are able to go back to Istanbul by land along the European shore and find out all the sights.

The width of the Bosphorus varies from 500 meters (1640 feet) to 3 km (2 miles), its depth from 50 to 120 meters (164 to 394 feet), averaging about 60 meters (197 feet) deep.

It runs through one’s heart of Istanbul, past the Istanbul Modern Art Museum, several Ottoman palaces, a minimum of two fortresses, forested hills, and shore villages with Ottoman architecture.

Traditionally called Bogazici , more recently it’s been called the Istanbul Bogazi, Istanbul Strait, perhaps to differentiate it in the Dardanelles (Hellespont), known as the Canakkale Bogazi.

Its English name comes from a Greek legend: Zeus had an affair having a beautiful women named Io. When Hera, his wife, discovered his infidelity, she turned Io right into a cow and made a horsefly to sting her about the rump. Io jumped clear across the strait. Thus bous = cow, and poros = crossing-place: Bosphorus = “crossing-place from the cow.”

Current marine ancient research within the chill, deep waters of the Black Sea has revealed sunken cities on the underwater slopes along the Turkish coast.

Geological evidence props up theory that in ancient times the northern end of the Bosphorus was obstructed by earth and rock. The Black Sea had no outlet (like Lake Van today), and it is water level was below that of the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosphorus.

However, an earthquake destroyed the Bosphorus blockage, releasing a deluge of water in the Bosphorus into the Black Sea, raising water level and flooding its coastal communities. Therefore it may well be that the Bosphorus is the source of Noah’s flood and the legend of Noah’s Ark! (Mount Ararat is also in Turkey.)

The Bosphorus is a waterway from the highest importance since ancient times. Ulysses passed through. Byzas, who founded Byzantium (later Constantinople, later Istanbul) sailed down and up searching for the perfect place to found his village.

In 1452, Mehmet the Conqueror ordered the making of the mighty fortresses of Rumeli Hisari (Fortress of Europe) and Anadolu Hisari (Fortress of Anatolia) so he could control the strait and prevent supports from reaching the besieged Byzantine capital of Constantinople.

To the Ottomans it had been mostly a hurdle: each spring they had to ship their gigantic armies across the strait from Istanbul for campaigns in Anatolia, Syria and Persia.

During World War I, the Bosphorus was the important thing towards the Black Sea and Russia. The Sultan held the important thing. The Entente powers wanted it. The things they didn’t enter battle they were given by treaty, and British gunboats anchored outside Dolmabahce Palace.

Today, the best way to benefit from the Bosphorus is to have a cruise by conventional ferry or TurYol boat, a self-guided tour of the European shore, or to relax in a tea-house or cafe along its shores.