Bosphorus

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Among the world’s most strategic waterways, Bosphorus may be the strait relating to the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara; it is an inundated valley that comes after an unusual northeast-southwest course 32 km (20 miles) long, 730-3300 meters (800-3600 yards) wide, 30-120 m (100-395ft) deep.

Bosphorus comes from a Tracian word of unknown origin, construed in Greek as indicating “Ford with the Cow”, in the legend of Io, among the numerous lovers of Zeus, who swam over the sea here as a cow chased and constantly disturbed by flies sent by Hera.
Known in Turkish as Bogazici (the Strait), it links the Black Sea with all the Sea of Marmara and, with the Dardanelles (in Canakkale), separates Europe from Asia. It is a former river valley that was drowned by the sea after the Tertiary period. This can be a very busy strait with lots of ships and oil tankers, in addition to local fishing and passenger boats.

The current flows north to south; however, a strong subsurface countercurrent with plenty of points and coves sets up swirls and eddies which make navigation dangerous towards the unskilled.

There are two suspension toll bridges about this Strait: The first over the Bosphorus between Beylerbeyi and Ortaköy, opened in 1973, is called as Bogazici Bridge, 1074m (1175yards) long, 6 lanes, 165m (540ft) height of piers. The second one between Anadolu Hisari and Rumeli Hisari, opened in 1988, is known as as Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, 1090 m (1192yd) long, 8 lanes, 65m from the water.

Using the shores rising to heights as much as 200 m (650ft), lined with palaces, ruins, villages, and gardens, this is probably the most beautiful stretches of scenery in Turkey. The best way of seeing the Bosphorus in most its beauty is to vacation on one of the coastal boats, in this way you can also admire most of the old Ottoman wooden houses (known as Yali in Turkish). You may also remain in some of the best hotels or eat in certain of the very best dining places along its coast line during your stay in this magnificent city.

Some of the fascinating palaces, structures or neighborhoods on the Bosphorus are: Galata tower, Dolmabahce Palace, Ciragan Palace, Yildiz Palace, Besiktas, Ortaköy, Arnavutköy, Bebek, Rumeli Fortress, Tarabya, Yeniköy, Istinye, Sariyer, Uskudar (Scutari), Kanlica, Beykoz, Anatolian Fortress, Beylerbeyi Palace and Kuleli Military High school.

The Bosphorus is the 32 kilometres (20-mi)-long strait which joins the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea in Istanbul, and separates the continents of Asia and europe.

It’s great for a half-day cruise north toward the Black Sea. You are able to go back to Istanbul by land along the European shore and find out all the sights.

The width of the Bosphorus varies from 500 meters (1640 feet) to 3 km (2 miles), its depth from 50 to 120 meters (164 to 394 feet), averaging about 60 meters (197 feet) deep.

It runs through one’s heart of Istanbul, past the Istanbul Modern Art Museum, several Ottoman palaces, a minimum of two fortresses, forested hills, and shore villages with Ottoman architecture.

Traditionally called Bogazici , more recently it’s been called the Istanbul Bogazi, Istanbul Strait, perhaps to differentiate it in the Dardanelles (Hellespont), known as the Canakkale Bogazi.

Its English name comes from a Greek legend: Zeus had an affair having a beautiful women named Io. When Hera, his wife, discovered his infidelity, she turned Io right into a cow and made a horsefly to sting her about the rump. Io jumped clear across the strait. Thus bous = cow, and poros = crossing-place: Bosphorus = “crossing-place from the cow.”

Current marine ancient research within the chill, deep waters of the Black Sea has revealed sunken cities on the underwater slopes along the Turkish coast.

Geological evidence props up theory that in ancient times the northern end of the Bosphorus was obstructed by earth and rock. The Black Sea had no outlet (like Lake Van today), and it is water level was below that of the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosphorus.

However, an earthquake destroyed the Bosphorus blockage, releasing a deluge of water in the Bosphorus into the Black Sea, raising water level and flooding its coastal communities. Therefore it may well be that the Bosphorus is the source of Noah’s flood and the legend of Noah’s Ark! (Mount Ararat is also in Turkey.)

The Bosphorus is a waterway from the highest importance since ancient times. Ulysses passed through. Byzas, who founded Byzantium (later Constantinople, later Istanbul) sailed down and up searching for the perfect place to found his village.

In 1452, Mehmet the Conqueror ordered the making of the mighty fortresses of Rumeli Hisari (Fortress of Europe) and Anadolu Hisari (Fortress of Anatolia) so he could control the strait and prevent supports from reaching the besieged Byzantine capital of Constantinople.

To the Ottomans it had been mostly a hurdle: each spring they had to ship their gigantic armies across the strait from Istanbul for campaigns in Anatolia, Syria and Persia.

During World War I, the Bosphorus was the important thing towards the Black Sea and Russia. The Sultan held the important thing. The Entente powers wanted it. The things they didn’t enter battle they were given by treaty, and British gunboats anchored outside Dolmabahce Palace.

Today, the best way to benefit from the Bosphorus is to have a cruise by conventional ferry or TurYol boat, a self-guided tour of the European shore, or to relax in a tea-house or cafe along its shores.

Map of Greece

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Map of Greece

Maps of Greece, from the Greek island complexes as well as maps of each Greek island happen to be added to this guide to allow it to be more complete.

Having traveled a lot, I be aware of importance of carrying a map when visiting a tropical. But I also understand how useful it is to have a look at the island’s map when planning your trip. Not to mention that it may sometimes get difficult to find a good map of the Greek islands on the net!

Therefore I have used the Google maps application to locate for you all the Greek islands. Without any search, you can use the interactive and updated map of Greece below and those of the islands. Not only at their physical version, but also satellite and hybrid maps are available. What I like at these maps is that firstly, everyone you will find in this site is printable. Secondly, with your mouse only these maps of the Greek islands become interactive and you will find the nearby islands! (something a regular map cannot provide)

Greece Maps is a section proposing maps of the different regions of Greece and the Greek Islands. This section proposes maps of Greece, its several regions and for every region a map of every location. You can access to the maps of Greece by using the links bellow.
Some of the popular maps viewed are: Santorini map, Mykonos map, Paros, Naxos, Zakynthos, Corfu, Kefalonia , Skiathos, Rhodes, Crete, Kos.

The objective of this book is two – fold: to acquaint the visitor with the history, culture, long tradition, lores and the beauty of this captivating land called “Hellas / Greece”, on the other hand, to provide relevant information in order to make this tour as exciting, exhilarating, enjoyable and as worry-free as possible. It has been designed to accommodate by presenting facts and recommendations necessary to anyone visiting a foreign country (i.e., a summary of Greece’s long history, everything needed to communicate in the native tongue and all that is required for a wonderful, indeed unforgettable journey). Bon voyage!

Greece is situated at the most southerly part of the Balkan peninsula and also the east of the Mediterranean sea. From the north Greece borders with Albania FYROM and Bulgaria. From the east it borders with the European part of Turkey. To the west of Greece is the Ionian Sea and to the east is the Aegean Sea. To the south is the Libyan Sea ,see more information about the Geography of Greece about the lakes, rivers and mountains of Greece ,details of the geomorphology of Greece you can find at the Physical map of Greece. The coast line of Greece is 13,676 km therefore having a the longer coastline in the Mediterranean. .Most of the Greek islands and islets located in the Aegean sea, while a small amount of islands are in the Ionian Sea.

Surrounded by the Mediterranean sea in 3 parts Greece has as a result a mild climate with dry summers and mild winters. Greece’s strategic position between 3 continents Europe, Asia and Africa had as a result because the Antiquity being an important cultural and commercial centre. This strategic position was also the cause of many wars that Greece needs to face with lots of conquerors during its 3000 many years of history, beginning with the Persian wars, the Romans and later the Venetians and the Ottomans
Greece is divided into 13 regions or peripheries. East and West Macedonia with Thrace in the north and north west ,Epirus within the north west with Thesally and Sterea Ellas with Evia at the center ,the Peloponesse in the south, the Ionian islands in the west and the Aegean islands (Cyclades ,Dodecanesse) with the north Aegean islands in the east and north east. At the southern tip lies the largest island of Greece Crete see more at the Political map of Grece. Details of the historical cities and regions of Greece you’ll find in the map of Ancient Greece. .

Greece generally isn’t dense inhabited, with a total surface of 132 000 km², Greece has a population around 11,000,000 inhabitants. The reason behind that’s that most of the Greek mainland is mountainous with some plateaus in Thessaly, Macedonia and Thrace along with a large number of the country includes islands. Therefore most of the population of Greece is targeted in the big urban centres with Athens and it is greater area and Piraeus to achieve the 1 / 3 of the Greek population followed by Thessaloniki , Patras, Heraklion and Larissa.

Greece is relatively a youthful country which was created after the war of Independence in 1821. The independent state of Greece was established in 1832 with the Constantinople treaty. Greece at the time had the Peloponnesus, the Cyclades and Sporades islands and the a part of Sterea Hellas from Arta to Volos. After almost 116 years finally Greece got its final shape and borders following the unification from the Dodecanese in 7th of March 1948

During the last 25 years Greece continues to be developed very fast in all type of sectors, industry, finance, social services and quality of life. As a member of the european countries Greece today having a GDP of 308,7 billion $, belongs to the 25 high income countries and also the top 25 most civilized world around the globe, holding the position 22 of the very best standards of living and excellence of life. One of the main factors of the Greek economy is a lot like inside the Ancient years its marin business and tourism.

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