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Greek Mythology

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Greek Gods and Greek Goddesses, Greek Characters

Introduction

A myth is a story involving supernatural elements- that conveys a moral idea, explains a natural phenomenon, or unravels the mysteries of the past. The ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome left behind A tradition of myth that represents their ideas about religion, history, and the world. Two millennia later, we have inherited these myths in the form of art and literature. The characters and myths summarized in this chart can be found richly rendered on ancient vases and statues and in the works of the following poets, playwrights, historians, and philosophers.

Greek Gods and Greek Goddesses, Greek Characters

Photos from Istanbul Archaeology Museum – 2011

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Zeus

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Power of Zeus

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Thousands of years ago many people believed in a god named Zeus. He was considered the god of sky and weather and his image appeared on most Greek coins. The people of Greece worshiped this idol as their god. Zeus has become one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Phidias, Greek sculptor famous and his workers carved a gigantic statue of Zeus in a special workshop behind the temple. It was made entirely of gold and ivory (chryselephantine). When finished, he sat in the temple on a throne with elaborate sculptures and paintings of Greek myths and legends. Zeus is the most famous statue of antiquity because of its size, its charm and value.

Zeus was the supreme god and ruler of Olympus. He was known by many titles: The Man in the sky, the cloud-gatherer, Zeus the god of rain and thunder, which shows the force of nature was considered the largest in the ancient world – the rain. In most other mythologies of the “god-king” was usually associated with the sun, but in Greece, the climate is hot and dry to rain rare, life-giving power.

Zeus was the sixth child born to Cronus and Rhea, Cronus, for rule of the Titans and the supreme god at that time was afraid that one of his children would overthrow him, as he overthrew his father Ouranos, he swallowed his first five children – Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter and Hestia. This of course infuriated Rhea and when Zeus was born she tricked Cronus into swallowing a stone wrapped in blankets. Zeus is more powerful than any god, or even all the other gods together. But unlike many gods in other religions, he was neither omnipotent nor omniscient. It could be done, rather, deceived and tricked by gods and humans. Power, but was not a great unlimited, Zeus had no control over the fates and destinies. Like all Greek gods, Zeus was the subject of pleasure, pain, grief and anger, but was more sensitive to the power of Eros – love, as was often the object of his desire for a lot of trouble with his wife, Hera.

Zeus was mighty, glorious, great and wise, although it showed a degree of naivety madness and amazing when you tried to hide his love. Some historians attribute the unusual behavior of the nobility, “a noble of all” that Zeus is most likely a compilation of several “high gods” in various fields. When her cult spread to an area that has already loved another god, some of the qualities of God and of his wife and his mistress were taken to Zeus. Apart from the endless business Zeus was different from other gods, which was not involved in the arguments and petty intrigues that make up the daily result of the other gods. As this wise ruler, who also demanded a law action and the right of men. But Zeus was vindictive, as seen in the creation of man by Prometheus, but only for good reason.

Zeus had two special assistants, Nike (Victoria), the goddess of victory, and his cup holder, Hebe, who was one of his many daughters. After Hebe married Heracles, Ganymede replaced as cupbearer of Zeus. In Roman mythology, the counterpart of Zeus, Jupiter, was also Fama (FAME) and Fortuna (luck and chance, Tyche in Greek).

Zeus was the guardian of political order and peace. The frame is his armor – so glorious and terrible at the same time to see that no human could see Zeus in all his magnificence and survive. His weapon is, of course, the lightning that threw him that he disliked. The barrels were formed by the three Cyclopes, which was also the power to decide the battle with the Titans. Your bird is the eagle, his tree – the oak. Dodona was his oracle. His will was revealed by the rustling of oak leaves which was interpreted by his priests.

Zeus Temple

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HERA

Hera was the wife of Zeus. She was raised by the Titans Ocean and Tethys, despite the nickname “cow-face” (in some translations – “ox-eyed”), which seems to have stuck with her through the years, she was very beautiful, Actually, it was one of three participants in the Judgement of Paris, which led to the Trojan War. But his personality was not so attractive, she was small and cruel, and is usually displayed administration or some form of revenge on one of the lovers of Zeus. The one and only one, the myth appears as a noble and gracious protector of heroes and inspiration for heroic deeds, a quest for the Golden Fleece.

As one might expect marriage to Zeus, Hera was not to his taste, after Zeus had courted in vain for a moment, he turned to fraud. Transformed into a wounded bird of Hera, feeling sorry for him, he held his chest to warm it, Zeus, who exploit the situation raped her. She was married to him to cover his shame.

Zeus was anything but a faithful husband, so Hera, in turn, has been a faithful wife. Once we even convinced the other gods to join a revolt against Zeus. Its function was the drug Zeus, and this was successful. The gods tied sleeping Zeus to a couch taking care to make many solid knots. However, planned to do and began to argue over who would be Zeus. Briareus heard the allegations, still full of gratitude to Zeus, who came to her aid and was able to untie the knots quickly in number. Zeus sprang from the couch and grabbed his thunderbolt. As the gods fell to their knees praying for mercy, took Hera and hung in the sky with gold chains. She screamed in pain all night, but no one dared to help. Zeus was still crying and the next day agreed to his release if she vowed never to go against him. She had no choice but to accept.

Although she never rebelled, she often intrigued against Zeus’s plans and she was often able to thwart.

Hera was the goddess of marriage and the protector of married women. Sandals, tank and seat were of pure gold, but it was not uncommon with the gods. His animal is the cow, the peacock, and sometimes the cuckoo. Hera had Clean Messenger – the nimble-footed Iris (Rainbow). Argos and Sparta were his favorite cities. She was not distinctive and can not be identified in the performing arts or through registration or context.

Zeus PROTECTOR

Zeus held a scepter with an eagle above his left hand and a winged goddess of Victory (Nike) in his right hand. The flesh was made of ivory with gold drapes covering the picture. The Olympic Zeus declared their guard and said he presided over the gods on Mt. Olympus in Thessaly.

Every four years, the festival will include Olympic Games in honor of God Today, nations are still confronted with the Olympics, but not for the glory of Zeus. Ability of the athletes themselves, and are rewarded.

Legend has it that Zeus was the youngest son of Titans Cronus and Rhea. He overthrew his father, Cronus, and drew most of his two brothers, Poseidon and Hades to see who would have taken place Kronos’. Zeus won and became the supreme ruler of the gods. Weapon was a flash and usually showed compassion, but divided the severe punishment of the wicked.

Zeus Greek God

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Zeus had a number of women who gave birth to many children.

  1. Metos (wisdom) – was his first wife and she bore Athena.
  2. Themis – Dock diameter, Eirene, Eunomia, Horae, and Fates.
  3. Titaness – gave birth to nine children, which has come to consider.
  4. Leto – took the twins, Apollo and Artemis.
  5. Whey – has become a regular companion.

Zeus was known to have numerous affairs with mortal women to produce more children with Hercules.

Zeus has been called the master of the gods, and the “father of men.” The title may be more effective than meritorious, it seemed to apply to the philosophers of Zeus, who regarded him as a supreme god and sculptor of the universe. The concept was not a primitive, Zeus, was the master of men, Agamemnon was a semi-manual, semi-elected king of akhaialaisten. In this role, he was the guarantor of contracts, oaths, the protector of customers have been involved in human activities, will open under the watchful eye of his.

The powerful deity was considered the god of the sky and ruler of the heavenly fire, one side of the personality of Zeus that the Homeric verse fully described. As the “king” of the sky, he was a kind of welfare, but his will was kept in check by the immutable laws of fate, and his regime have often been limited by these laws and respected. Although constrained by this limit, the control of Zeus and follow a policy, its decisions were often arbitrary or go with passion, and they responded with a hidden agenda, had the wisdom which ultimately revealed. He was the ultimate dispenser of good and evil in all men.

Zeus was the son of Cronus and his sister, Rhea. It is also in that relationship came to Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon. But a curse had been placed on Cronos, who is a dishonest and abusive when he refused to complicate Gaia when it knocked his father out of the cast. Instead of releasing his brothers convicted by Uranus never see the light of day, gave Cronus prisoners in their underground prison, which infuriated Gaia. Gaia swore that he would even know the fate that he had placed on his father being deposed by his own children. So to protect themselves from this curse, he devoured his offspring as soon as Rhea gave birth to them. The first five, he swallowed hard, but when Zeus was born Rhea decided to save the child. With the help of Gaia, she found refuge in a cave in Crete, where she gave birth. Then take a stone, Rhea wrapped in swaddling clothes, and had to return to Cronos, who, no doubt, he caught and swallowed.

Zeus was saved, and with the same time Cronos sealed his own fate.

Zeus, Hera Greek Gods Family Life

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The young Zeus has grown from infancy in the cave will be supported by the nymphs of Amalthea, and protected by Curetes, which means “young men” who were warriors armed with spears and shields, who performed a dance of war around the cave. It was to drown the child cries, so Cronus would not discover he had been duped, and devouring his son. In this case, it seems, as often happens, the myth grew out of a ritual: a ritual war dance was practiced in Crete, also in other countries Hellenized by people imitating the acts alleged in the minds of storm in the mountains and the sky these dances probably resulted in Ruse Rhea.

Although protected by Zeus matured to receive all his divine powers. When is the time of prophecy fulfilled Gaia Zeus, his wife was Metis, daughter of Oceanus, whose name means “Caution” or “treachery”. She gave him a drug that would make his father throw up his five children, who had already eaten, and still bore the body. They all came, and their allies, Zeus attacked Cronus and his companion, the Titans. The war, which fought one another, it took ten years. Finally, Gaia, Zeus, Oracle has promised to win, if he would accept help the monster that Cronus had imprisoned Tartarus. Zeus agreed, allowing a Gaia, Cronus did not want to ignore. Zeus sent the monsters to win. Accounting for this victory were the weapons that the monsters gave Young Gods, which bear their names, which included forged a thunderbolt from Zeus, and Cyclops.

Cronos and the Titans were then limited in the depths of the underworld and has taken the place of monsters who were their guards.

Zeus, god of gods

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Hesiod’s Theogony, written shortly after 700 BC, for the most revered traditions of the birth and childhood of Zeus. But there were others: Arcadia particular boasted of being the birthplace of the god. It was easy to deduce the last Greek Zeus was formed by the absorption of many local “gods.” For example, Zeus in Crete itself probably replaced a god of vegetation, as the Cretans have presented a ” Tomb of Zeus “and few but the gods of vegetation were supposed to be subjected to regular death and rebirth.

Zeus, the supreme sky god of the Greeks and a composite figure, was suspected of involvement in the everyday affairs of people, but has never been regarded as a creator god. As noted by Hesiod, the origin of things related to other myths about Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth. The Dorian invasion of Greece around 1200 BC led to the overlap of the father of the Indo-European religion of heaven, a native of Minoan-Mycenaean tradition in which the earth goddess was predominant, as in India, the Aryans went down the Valley of Hindu culture. Though traces of pre-Greek tradition seen in Hera is the wife of Zeus, which is the Nephelogeretes, “the cloud gatherer,” who ruled over all. He was given other names, and shows various aspects and functions and have included Ombrie “rain god” Kataibates “descent” Ceraunus, “alleviate” Gamelia, “god of marriage” Teleios, “the integrity of the donors,” Pater, “father”, and Soter, “Savior.

“Hades, the god of the dead and Poseidon, god of the sea, is distinguished by Zeus, because their powers were seen as an extension of its special in their kingdoms. They were also granted separate mythical forms, yet the use of Olympian Zeus, ran “wolf” Lykaios, everywhere, and are only winners and losers.

In a similar tradition of his father, Cronus, Zeus’ wife soon began to divine. Hesoid tells of his first wife was Metis, and Athena was born from this Union. His second wife was Themis, the embodiment of the law or equality. The first offspring of the Horae (hours or seasons). Horae were three numbers: Eunonia, Dice, and Eirene (Order, Justice and Peace), but the Athenians knew Thall, AUX and Garp. Their names in mind the principle stages of vegetation: trees that shed, the growth and fruiting. However, the agricultural aspects of the cult gradually took on social concepts, and the spirits, who in March became president of the main concepts that are related to the social life of the city. Then came the three daughters, known as the Fates or Morae: Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos that determine the fate of every human being.

The third wife of Zeus, Eurynome, gave more than three girls, Thanks (Charity): Aglaia, Thalia and Euphrosyne. Similar to the Graces Horae were the spirits of vegetation and the spread of the joys of nature in the human heart. They lived on Olympus, with the Muses, with whom he liked to sing and dance. Like the muses were Athena and co-chaired the work of their women.

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After Zeus was the companion of his daughter of Demeter, Persephone, whose union was born. Then attached to Mnemosyne, who gave him nine daughters, the Muses. Leto was his wife who was next to Zeus Artemis and Apollo. Depending on the god Hermes was born in Maia, daughter of Atlas. Last online divine wives of Zeus was Hera, his sister, who bore him a son, the war god Ares, and their two daughters, Hebe, who embodied the youth, whose job long was to serve the heavenly banquet nectar until it becomes the wife of Hercules, and Eileithyia, the female spirit who presides over childbirth.

Even after marriage Zeus was not faithful to her husband because she loved a lot of mortals. These consisted of Alcmene, who bore Hercules, and the daughter of Zeus, the father of Semele with Dionysus. Furious at his refusal, Hera gave birth to the god Hephaestus alone without the help of Zeus.

This destiny was symbolized by a thread, which first drew the lucky against his spinning wheel, the second wound fate, destiny and the third cut at the end of life it represented was over.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Zeus Galleries with him history:  Gallery 1Gallery 2Gallery 3Gallery 4

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