Turkey Road Map
Turkey comes with a extensive community of well-maintained roads backlinks its towns, urban centers,and medical tourist areas. When arriving from Europe, the Bosphorus bridging to Asia may be greatly facilitated through the completion of the Istanbul bypass, and the 2 Bosphorus (Bogazici) bridges which lead to the Istanbul – Ankara Expressway. The E80 and E90 include the two main roads resulting in Turkey from European borders, they also link the Iranian and Iraqi borders. These expressways have been completely constructed in keeping with Asian and Middle East International road network standards.
Turkey Political Map
The main city city of Turkey is Ankara. The territory of Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. The provinces are organized into 7 regions for census purposes; however, they can’t represent an administrative structure. Each province is divided into districts, to get a total of 923 district.
Provinces normally bear the very same name his or her provincial capitals, otherwise known as the central district; exceptions to the present custom are the provinces of Hatay (capital: Antakya), Kocaeli (capital: İzmit) and Sakarya (capital: Adapazarı). Provinces considering the largest populations are Istanbul (13 million), Ankara (5 million), İzmir (4 million), Bursa (3 million) and Adana (2 million).
The largest city and the pre-Republican capital Istanbul stands out as the financial, economic and cultural heart of the country. Approximately 75.5% of Turkey’s population live in towns. In all, 19 provinces have populations that exceed 1 million inhabitants, and 20 provinces have populations between 1 million and 500,000 inhabitants. Only two provinces have populations less than 100,000.
Turkey Geographical Map – Topographic Map
Turkey’s hauteur is structurally advanced. A central massif made from uplifted blocks and downfolded troughs, covered by recent deposits and giving the appearance of a plateau with rough terrain, is wedged between two folded mountain ranges that converge in the east. True lowland is confined to the Ergene Plain in Thrace, extending along rivers that discharge into the Aegean Sea or the Sea of Marmara, and to a few narrow coastal strips over the Black Sea and Mediterranean And Beyond coasts. Nearly 85 percent of the land is at an elevation with a minimum of 450 meters; the median altitude of the country is 1,128 meters. In Anatolia (Asiatic Turkey), flat or gently sloping land is rare and largely confined to the deltas on the Kizilirmak River, the coastal plains of Antalya and Adana, and the valley floors of the Gediz River and the Büyükmenderes River, and some interior high plains in Anatolia, mainly around Tuz Gölü (Salt Lake) and Konya Ovasi (Konya Basin). Moderately sloping terrain is limited almost entirely outside Thrace to the hills of the Arabian Platform along the border with Syria.
Coal and oil Pipelines
Turkey’s proper location causes it to be a natural “energy bridge” between major oil producing areas in the Middle East and Caspian Sea regions on the one hand, and consumer markets in Europe on the other. Turkey’s port of Ceyhan is an important outlet both for current Iraqi oil exports as well as Caspian oil exports. Turkey’s Bosporus Straits are a major shipping “choke point” between your Black and Mediterranean Seas. Finally, Turkey is a rapidly growing energy consumer on its own.
Turkey Train Maps
Turkey incorporates a well-developed, state-owned railway system built to standard gauge which falls under the remit of the Ministry of Transport and Communication. The main rail carrier is the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları (TCDD) (Turkish State Railways) that is accountable for all long-distance and cross-border freight and traveler trains. A number of other companies operate suburban traveler trains in urban conurbations.
Native railway industry extends to producing locomotives, passenger vehicles and freight wagons; some vehicles are also produced through licensing agreements and cooperation with foreign countries.
In the first twenty-first century, major infrastructural projects were initiated; such as the construction of a high-speed railway network in addition to a tunnel under the Bosphorus strait which will connect Europe and Anatolia by rail for the first time.
As of 2008, there were 8,699 km of main railway lines in Turkey, of which 5% are double tracked, 28% are electrified and 25% are signalled; there are also 2,306 km of sidings.
Over 700 tunnels exist, with a total amount of 181 km; most (~76%) they are under 1 km long in support of one of these has a length of over 4 km. 1,316 steel bridges (average length 22 m) and also over 10,000 concrete bridges (average length 2.9 m) exist.
In 2008, there were 64 electric locomotives and 549 diesel engines in Turkey, with availabilities of 81 and 84 percent, respectively. Additionally, 50 steam locomotives exist, which 2 are saved in active order. In addition to the 83 EMUs and 44 DMUs for passenger transport, there were 995 coaches in Turkey (830 which were in working order.) Over 17,000 wagons of various types from the remaining fleet.
Constantinople and it is walls throughout the Byzantine era
In the Roman period, the town was founded the very first time in A.D.195 by the Emperor Septimus Severus (193-211) and called Nea Roma or Antoninia. Istanbul was rebuilt through the Emperor Constantinus I, The Great (307-337) between the many years of AD. 313-337 and named Constantinopolis after his name. Today, the city is called Istanbul.
Pressured Migration and Mortality in the Ottoman Empire
From 1790 to 1923 more than seven million persons were forced from their homes in the Balkans, the Caucasus and Anatolia. At the same time, another 6 000 0000 were counted one of the dead, and many more dead were never counted. It was among the worst human disasters in history, but is little known today. Once the suffering of times has been described, all too oen only dispossessed and dead Christians happen to be considered. Yet the greatest mortality and exile were felt by Muslim peoples-Turks, Circassians, Kurds, and others. All shared in the suffering in that terrible time. Prepared by Justin McCarthy, Professor of History at the University of Louisville, the map is a powerful visual tool for the historian and the casual viewer who seeks better to understand the cataclysm that effected so many millions, Muslim and Christian alike, during the final years of the Ottoman Empire.