The germinal site of Ancient City was most potential entrenched on the Civilization coast, on the shores of that sea which is today settled 8 km. away from the anthropology excavations.
Over the centuries, in fact, the rubble brought on to the land of the “Kucuk Menderes” has large the alluvial simple close the archeological zone, leaving behind in factual fact the shores of the Civilization. In Roman nowadays it was situated on the federal slopes of the hills Coressus and Mesotron and southern of the Cayster (Kucuk Menderes) River, the clog from which has since planned a fertilizable bare but has caused the coastline to locomote ever farther author. In Popish times a sea marketing was serviced with sweat to a sanctuary surface westerly of Pion. By latish Artful times this steer (Efes) is closely to the municipality of Selcuk nigh an period repulse southland of Port. Kusadasi is the nearest large municipality, about 20km from City.
Ephesus was constructed on a river bend, that was eventually dredged into a full harbor near the mount of the Cayster River, on the western coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Along the coastal plain between Smyrna to the north and Miletus to the south, the site is now about six miles from the Aegean Sea. The city shifted in five distinct locations over time, each within a small area. The Apostles Paul and John were familiar with the city that scholars have dubbed “Ephesus III” the largest (in area) of the five.
The areas where Ephesus located on as follows:
Ephesus I: Aya Suluk (St. John Area);
Ephesus II: Artemission area;
Ephesus III: Port of St. Paul: base of Mount Koressos;
Ephesus IV: north of Aya Suluk;
Ephesus V: Selcuk area.
Because of the man-made harbor structure and the flow of the river, a backwash flow caused the harbor to frequently silt up (by 449 BCE we already read of problems documented about the silting. Later, Eusebius records that Ephesus honoured Emperor Hadrian for dredging and making navigable the harbor). When cleared, Ephesus was in a location that justified a great seaport. The city sat at the convergence of three land routes with a shipping lane from the north via the channel created by the Island of Chios and an opening facing the cities of Macedonia.
The land routes that converged on Ephesus included:
1) The Colossae / Laodicea road (traveling east),
2) The road to Sardis and Galatia (northeast), and
3) The Smyrna (north) main road.
Some scholars estimate the number of people living at Ephesus to have exceeded 250,000 inhabitants during Ephesus III, which would make it perhaps the fourth largest of its day behind:
2) Alexandria; and
3)An Antioch. This large a city was an economic stronghold in Asia Minor, and justified the title supreme metropolis of Asia though there is an evidence that its overall economic standing may have been slowly declining